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Tactical Fitness: Swimming Without Goggles

Tactical Fitness: SEAL training in San Diego bay
U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Trevor Welsh/Released

I am looking to join a special ops program – likely one that requires swimming. I know they require swims without goggles or fins, but there are also swims with both. Currently I am using the fundamentals of the CSS technique as I find this most effective for my current fitness level.

Do you have any tips for using the CSS technique without goggles? Should I just spend enough time in the pool that my eyes adapt, and attempt to swim like in your videos?

Also, would it be better to swim crawl, and if so, how should this be done again considering I'll have no goggles?

Yes - I like the CSS for the 500m range swims. However, freestyle will be faster for you if you are allowed to use freestyle (AF PJ / CCT). Otherwise, if you are considering SEALs, SWCC, EOD, you will want to master the CSS which is just a nickname for a modified side stroke.

Without goggles and swimming in pools: I have always hated doing this because it badly irritates my eyes. So, what I have learned to do is squint and always look down (especially when kicking off the walls).  This will help the rush of water at higher speeds from hitting your eyes directly. Every now and then you need to slightly look forward by lifting your head about 45 degrees, but for most of the swim and the kickoffs, always look down and squint so you can barely see the line on the bottom of the pool. Being able to see that line will keep you swimming straight during swimming tests.

Swimming without fins requires you to get good at pulling with your arms and only using your legs when you do the scissor kick in the CSS or small infrequent flutterkicks during freestyle (not constant, just when needed).

Swimming with fins is more about using the big muscles in your legs to propel you. You need to practice swimming with fins to get your feet, ankles, and hip and leg muscles used to the added stresses.

So practice both. Practice the CSS and freestyle without fins to ace the fitness to get to the training, and then focus on swimming with fins and a mask to get through the training. Build up to 1-2 miles of swimming with fins a few days a week. The other days should be spent in the water practicing swimming without fins and pool skills like treading, floating, bottom bouncing, life saving, and other challenges you will face in your training.

Good luck.  
Stew

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Contributor

Stew Smith works as a presenter and editorial board member with the Tactical Strength and Conditioning program of the National Strength and Conditioning Association and is a Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist (CSCS). He has also written hundreds of articles on Military.com's Fitness Center that focus on a variety of fitness, nutritional, and tactical issues military members face throughout their career.

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