Exercises for Disabled Vets

by Stew Smith

This article is probably one of the most important articles I have done. I hope to help this disabled veteran and others with some creative ideas for fitness.

This is the email I received:

"I am a disabled veteran who subscribes to Military.com, and when catching up on old issues after my vacation, I found a reference to your Stretching Plan for use before starting any exercise plan."

"I find your articles very interesting, but there is one area I wish you could cover. There are a number of disabled veterans I know who subscribe to Military.com and they might also be interested in this. Many of us are permanently very physically limited due to our injuries and medical conditions."

"In spite of this we are still interested in keeping in shape as best we can, as well as keeping our weight in check. It is very difficult to find exercise plans that address this. Could you make a plan/article for us? Many of us are living on our disability checks and don't have gyms or other facilities available or the funds to pay for expensive plans, so I think it would really be appreciated. I know I would really appreciate it."

Thank you,
Disabled Vet

No - Thank YOU! I have written several articles already that may help you, but this one will focus on how I have helped disabled veterans and amputees with creative fitness ideas in the past. This article will focus on a variety of ways to perform many of the exercises you used to do in the military, or at least work the same muscle groups.

You may need some special equipment like dumbbells, rubber bands, or wrist and ankle weights, but they are inexpensive and can be found in most of your physical therapy clinics. The following link will give you access to my free "45 Day Beginner Program" (PDF) with pictures of all the stretches and exercises I discuss in this article.

For starters some related articles for you to check out are the following:

Fitness on a Budget
Fitness as We Age 
- Food Plan for Weight Loss
Lower Back Workout 
- Shoulder Workout 
- Circuit Training

Stretching Can Do it All

First of all, the stretching plan you asked about earlier is ideal for just about anyone. The stretches can be performed standing up, on the floor, or in a chair if needed. Holding stretches for 45-60 seconds can actually have an isometric effect on your muscles meaning you can actually work the muscle by stretching. The muscle actually contracts after nearly a minute of stretching it. That is one reason why people who do yoga look so toned. So when all else fails, do the stretching plan until your feel your muscles start to contract.

Upper Body Exercises:
Chest, Triceps, Biceps, Abs, Lower/Upper Back and Shoulders

Pushups

You know how to do them. But with certain injuries working your chest, triceps, and shoulders with this exercises maybe challenging. Many people have issues with their wrists not bending properly. What I would recommend in this case is to do a pushup on a set of hexagonal dumbbells where you can place the heel of your palm on the bar without bending your wrist. Another option is to do the pushups on your fists. Lay a towel under your hand unless you are a hardcore martial artist who likes to toughen up the fists. Here are some other alternatives:

Floor Bench Press

Other chest, triceps and shoulder alternatives can be done with wrist weights or dumbbells while lying on the floor on your back like you would do a bench press exercise. Shoot for as many as you can with the given weight you select for 3-4 sets.

Rubber Band Pushups

Wrap the center of the band around your upper back and grab the end of the bands in your hand and push away from yourself using the same motion as the pushup or bench press. You can do this sitting down or lying down. Depending on the tension, do as many as you can 3-4 times.

Military Press and Triceps Extensions

Using dumbbells, wrist weights, or elastic bands, these exercises can be done sitting in a chair or standing. Raise your hands over your head and then bend your elbows so your hands are behind your head. Repeat this motion for 10-15 times for at least 3-4 sets.

See the "The Best Shoulder Workout" article for an even better shoulder workout that can be done with dumbbells, wrist weights, or bands.

Chair Dips

Lift yourself out of your chair 10-15 times for 3-4 sets. See bench dip picture for details. This is a functional and challenging exercise for your triceps.

Torso Exercises:
Abs, Lower / Upper Back

Depending upon the severity of your injury, you may be able to do all or some of these exercises. It is best to try these while lying down on the floor, but you can do them in a chair if need be.

Crunches

By just lifting your shoulders off the floor you flex your abs. Now, you can also flex your abs by lifting your hips off the floor (reverse crunch), or you can flex your abs by doing a seated crunch as well. A seated crunch requires you to bend forward a few inches and flex your stomach muscles for ten seconds. Repeat ten times and you will feel this one! See the "Resting with Crunches" article for more ideas.

Try practicing rolling over on your back from your stomach ten times without stopping too. This is a great way to work the torso if having difficulty with crunches.

Lower Back Exercises

Pictured in the article above are also a torso balancing exercise I call Swimmers, where you lift your legs off the floor while lying on your stomach. This works the lower back, rump, and hamstrings. Sitting down performing this exercise requires a stretch and a flex combination. Bend forward in your chair taking your chest to your knees; then using your lower back muscles, sit upright again.

Upper Back Exercises

The reverse pushup, arm haulers, and birds that can be found in the lower back article listed above are great ways to lie down and work out your upper back muscles. You can also do these with rubber bands while sitting. Place the rubber bands around a pole or something sturdy, and pull with both hands so you bring your elbows past your shoulders flexing your upper back muscles. This is great for the posture and balances out your shoulder and chest muscles.

Lower Body Exercises

In the 45 Day Plan linked above, you will see pictures for squats, lunges, and heel raises. These maybe tough if you suffer from spinal injury or amputated limb. However, you can work your leg muscles while sitting down by doing leg extension or leg curls with ankle weights. You can even do one-legged squats if you can hold onto something for balance. See the pictures for the leg movements in the Circuit Training article. Though I am using weight machine in this picture, try it with rubber bands or ankle weights using the pictured motion.

I hope this article is helpful to those fellow veterans who gave so much for us. Feel free to email me if you have specific issues that did not get covered in this article.

Stew Smith is a former Navy SEAL and fitness author certified as a Strength and Conditioning Specialist (CSCS) with the National Strength and Conditioning Association. If you are interested in starting a workout program to create a healthy lifestyle - check out the Military.com Fitness eBook store and the Stew Smith article archive at Military.com. To contact Stew with your comments and questions, e-mail him at stew@stewsmith.com.


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