# 5 Steps to See if Your Gains are Muscle or Fat

5 Easy Steps to See if Your Gains are Muscle or Fat!

How do you know if your current bodybuilding program is working or not?

Well, most guys and gals use a combination of the mirror and the scale. However, both of these methods can be deceiving to say the least.

The mirror often shows us exactly what we want to see ("Man! Just look at the size of my chest after only ONE WORKOUT!")

And those ups or downs you see on the scale may mean gains in FAT, or even worse....loss of MUSCLE!

So how CAN you determine your progress?

If you really want to know if your gains and losses are muscle or fat, there's a simple formula you can use. Don't worry...you won't have to break out your old algebra books for this one.

Just follow along with the "Nerd"...

Step 1:

Step on the scale.

You need a baseline measurement of your weight for figuring out the rest of the formula.

Step 2:

While there are several ways to accomplish this, one of the easiest and least expensive ways is to use a bodyfat caliper. Nowadays, you can pick up one up for around \$20 that will do the trick. Follow the instructions with the device to determine the ratio of lean weight to fat in your body.

Step 3:

Multiply your weight by your measured bodyfat percentage to find out how much fat you're lugging around. Record your answer for future measurements

Example: 185 lbs. X 17.5% (or .175) = 32.4 lbs of fat

Step 4:

Subtract the amount of fat (in pounds) from your original bodyweight in Step 1.

Example: 185 lbs. (original weight) - 32.4 lbs (of fat) = 152.6 lbs lean weight

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This calculation WILL tell you how much LEAN WEIGHT you're currently carrying. However, this first measurement will NOT tell you how much muscle you have since your lean weight is also made up of bones, organs, hair, etc.

What it DOES give you is your baseline measurement to compare with future measurements since any gains you make in LEAN bodyweight should only come from MUSCLE.

Step 5:

Example: Let's say your first measurements were...

Weight - 187 lbs

187 x 17.5% = about 32.7 lbs of fat
187 - 32.7 = 154.3 lbs lean bodyweight

Now, for your second measurements you get...

Weight - 190 lbs

190 x 16% = about 30.4 lbs of fat
190 - 30.4 = 159.6 lbs of lean bodyweight

You've GAINED 5.3 lbs of muscle (from 154.3 lbs lean in first reading to 159.6 in the second);

and

You've LOST 2.3 lbs of fat (from 32.7 lbs of fat in first reading to 30.4 lbs in the second).

Short of breaking out the slide rule from my pocket protector, this is the easiest way I can teach you how to determine if your current program is helping you meet your goals. Just use this formula at regular intervals in your program (every 3 or 6 weeks is recommended) and you won't have any problems.

Jeff Anderson is a 10 year veteran of the U.S. Army, a Master Instructor of Close Quarters Combat self defense, and President of the International Society of Close Quarter Combatants. A full time self defense author and instructor, Jeff has trained military, law enforcement, and civilians in advanced close quarter combat tactics for "real life" self defense. Get weekly close combat videos and other "reality based" training at Jeff's website www.CloseQuartersCombat.com.

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Weight Training General Fitness Workouts Jeff Anderson