After a long day of moving the only thing you want to do is get to your apartment to unpack. But, it's during this time that you need to sit in the leasing office and thoroughly review your lease with the landlord. If you rush through this process you may overlook important information that may cost you later.
If you're not sure what your first steps should be when you move in, check out these 10 tips military families should follow when renting a new apartment or house, according to Nolo.com:
1. Walk through the apartment. Before you sign the lease or start to move in your items, take a thorough look around your new apartment to see if there is any damage left from the previous tenant. You don't want lose your deposit because of damage that you're not responsible for.
2. Review the lease. Carefully review all of the conditions of the tenancy before you sign on the dotted line. Your lease or rental agreement may contain a provision that you find unacceptable -- for example, restrictions on guests, pets, design alterations, or running a home business.
3. Get everything in writing. To avoid disputes or misunderstandingswith your landlord, get everything in writing. Keep copies of any correspondence and follow up an oral agreement with a letter, setting out your understandings. For example, if you ask your landlord to make repairs put your request in writing and keep a copy for yourself. If the landlord agrees orally, send a letter confirming this.
4. Protect your privacy rights. Next to disputes over rent or security deposits, one of the most common and emotion-filled misunderstandings arises over the tension between a landlord's right to enter a rental unit and a tenant's right to be left alone. If you understand your privacy rights — for example, the amount of notice your landlord must provide before entering — it will be easier to protect them.
5. Demand repairs. You have every right to live in a habitable rental unit. The vast majority of landlords are required to offer their tenants livable premises, including adequate weatherproofing; heat, water, and electricity and clean, sanitary, and structurally safe premises. If your rental unit is not kept in good repair, you have a number of options, ranging from withholding a portion of the rent, to paying for repairs and deducting the cost from your rent, to calling the building inspector — who may order the landlord to make repairs — to moving out without liability for your future rent.
6. Talk to your landlord. Keep communication open with your landlord. If there's a problem — for example, if the landlord is slow to make repairs — talk it over to see if the issue can be resolved short of a nasty legal battle.
7. Purchase renters insurance. Your landlord's insurance policy will not cover your losses due to theft or damage. Renters insurance also covers you if you're sued by someone who claims to have been injured in your rental due to your carelessness. Renters insurance typically costs $350 a year for a $50,000 policy that covers loss due to theft or damage caused by other people or natural disasters — if you don't need that much coverage, there are cheaper policies.
8. Protect your security deposit. To protect yourself and avoid any misunderstandings, make sure your lease or rental agreement is clear on the use and refund of security deposits, including allowable deductions. When you move in, do a walk-through with the landlord to record existing damage to the premises on a move-in statement or checklist.
9. Protect your safety. Learn whether your building and neighborhood are safe, and what you can expect your landlord to do about it if they aren't. Get copies of any state or local laws that require safety devices such as deadbolts and window locks, check out the property's vulnerability to intrusion by a criminal, and learn whether criminal incidents have already occurred on the property or nearby. If crime is highly likely, your landlord may be obligated to take some steps to protect you.
10. Deal with an eviction properly. If you happen to be evicted for any reason, you should know when to fight an eviction notice and when to move. If you feel the landlord is clearly in the wrong (for example, you haven't received proper notice, the premises are uninhabitable), you may want to fight the eviction. But unless you have the law and provable facts on your side, fighting an eviction notice can be short-sighted. If you lose an eviction lawsuit, you may end up hundreds (even thousands) of dollars in debt, which will damage your credit rating and your ability to easily rent from future landlords.
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