The mission of the U.S. Navy is to maintain, train and equip combat-ready naval forces capable of winning wars, deterring aggression and maintaining freedom of the seas.

The U.S. Navy was founded on October 13, 1775, and the Department of the Navy was established on April 30, 1798. The Department of the Navy has three principal components: The Navy Department, consisting of executive offices mostly in Washington, D.C.; the operating forces, including the Marine Corps, the reserve components, and, in time of war, the U.S. Coast Guard (in peace, a component of the Department of Homeland Security); and the shore establishment.

The U.S. Navy fleet is comprised of aircraft carriers that allow the mobile projection of naval air power across the globe, amphibious Assault Ships that deploy and support U.S. ground forces in remote locations, cruisers that are capable of engaging multiple simultaneous targets and employed in force support or independent action, destroyers that provide multi-mission offensive and defensive capability, independently or in fleet support, and submarines for underwater operations and designed to carry out research, rescue, or specific wartime missions.

The Navy also has a large inventory of aircraft of all types to support the mission.

There are approximately 318,000 sailors serving on ships and installations across the world today.

Pentagon Pushes To Rein in Rising Pay and Benefits Costs

gi holds cash 600x400

The Pentagon stuck to its long-standing position Friday that rising military personnel costs have to be curbed to make the all-volunteer force affordable. Rear Adm. John Kirby, the Pentagon press secretary, said the Defense Department would take a "smart look" at the recommendations of an independent commission on pay and benefits but added tha... more

Hagel Says US May Need to Put Ground Troops in Iraq

Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel

Departing Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel says the U.S. may have to put American troops back on the ground in Iraq to help that country n its fight against Islamic State. "I think it may require a forward deployment of some of our troops,” Hagel as quoted telling CNN. "Not doing the fighting. Not doing the combat work that we did at one time for ... more

White House Acknowledges 'Friction' with Hagel and Pentagon

In this Jan. 7, 2013 file photo, President Barack Obama, left, and former U.S. Sen. Chuck Hagel, R-Neb., walk past each other during a new conference in the East Room of the White House

While President Obama lavished praise Wednesday on departing Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel, the White House acknowledged that there had been "friction" with Hagel and the Pentagon on a range of issues. At the regular White House news briefing Wednesday, which took place during Hagel's farewell ceremony, Deputy Press Secretary Eric Schultz was a... more

Powell Aide: CIA Used Diego Garcia for 'Nefarious' Purposes

The UK government is facing renewed pressure to make a full disclosure of its involvement in the CIA's post-9/11 kidnap and torture program after another leading Bush-era U.S. official said suspects were held and interrogated on the British territory of Diego Garcia. Lawrence Wilkerson, who was chief of staff to Colin Powell at the U.S. State D... more

First Lady Defends 'American Sniper' at Veterans Event

In this image released by Warner Bros. Pictures, Kyle Gallner, left, and Bradley Cooper appear in a scene from "American Sniper."

NEW YORK — First lady Michelle Obama urged Hollywood to give a more accurate portrayal of veterans and defended the Oscar-nominated "American Sniper," which has received criticism for its depiction of war. Bradley Cooper, who is nominated for best actor for his portrayal of the late Navy SEAL sniper Chris Kyle, joined Obama and media heavyweigh... more

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