Per Diem is a daily allotment to reimburse servicemembers for the out-of-pocket cost of food, lodging and incidental expenses that occur while on military business or temporary assigned duty (TDY or TAD) away from their home station. Per Diem sets the limit to how much a servicemember can be reimbursed for meals and lodging. The following is a summary of how the Per Diem works:
Each year the DoD Per Diem, Travel and Transportation Committee sets the Per Diem allowance. The Per Diem is specific to a given travel location and can range from a standard CONUS rate from $140 per day up to $702 per day for Out-of-CONUS rates.
The Per Diem rate you will receive is based on a combination of the Maximum Lodging and the Meals and Incidental Expenses (M&IE) rates. M&IE is either determined by adding the Local Meals Rate and Incidental Expense Rates, or the Proportional Meal Rate.
To find the specific Per Diem rate for a given location visit the DoD Travel and Per Diem website.
The proportional meal rate (PMR)is based on the locality meal rate and the GOVT meal rate (GMR). The per diem ta bles on this website have the PMRs already computed. The examples below using the Standard CONUS M&IE rate of $46.00 and the Standard GMR of $11.85 show how to compute a PMR amount. The $46.00 consists of $41.00 for meals and $5.00 for incidental expenses.
The proportional rate applies under the following conditions:
The PMR is an average of two rates - the locality meal rate and the GMR - which are (1) added, (2) averaged and rounded up to the nearest dollar. To compute the Proportional M&IE rate, (3) add the appropriate incidental expense rate, and (4) the total becomes the proportional M&IE amount.
|Step 1||Add the locality meal rate and the GMR||$41.00 + $11.85 = $52.85|
|Step 2||Divide step 1 total in half (rounded to the nearest dollar)||
$52.85 / 2 = $26.42
Rounded to $27.00
|Step 3||Add step 2 (the PMR) total to the incidental expense amount||$27.00 + $5.00 = $32.00|
|Step 4||Proportional M&IE rate is step 3 total||$32.00|
The PMR can be used when:
a. A member (not a civilian employee) is lodged in Gov’t Qtrs on a U.S. Installation, and one or two meals are available in a Gov’t dining facility/mess on the U.S. Installation;
b. A member (not a civilian employee) is lodged in Gov’t Qtrs on a U.S. installation, with the GMR prescribed in the travel order, but the Gov’t dining facility/mess was not available for all meals on some/all days;
c. A traveler receives one or two meals at Gov’t expense (e.g., one or two deductible meal(s) on one or more days included in a conference registration fee); or
d. A member (not a civilian employee) is not authorized per diem but must purchase a meal (the PMR is the ceiling against which the traveler's actual meal cost is compared - the lesser of the two being paid).
Visit the DoD Per Diem, Travel and Transportation Committee website to determine the current per diem for any given location in the world.
Privately Owned Vehicle Mileage Reimbursement Rates
|If no Government Owned Vehicle available (TDY)||$0.54|
|MALT Rate (PCS)||$0.19|
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