Military.com presents a selection of articles from the Naval Institute's
monthly magazine Proceedings. Read about the important issues
affecting today's armed services. For those in the Navy, Marine
Corps, and Coast Guard wanting something more substantial than news
articles and press releases, Proceedings is a must-read.
October 2005 Articles
"Mayday, Mayday, Mayday"
The Coast Guard's response to Hurricane Katrina was the single largest search and rescue operation in its history, rivaled only by the Mariel boatlift and the mass migrations from Haiti and Cuba in the 1990s. Coast Guard crews rescued and evacuated more than 33,000 people in the storm's wake—at least 12,000 by helicopter. Here's the story of what may have been the first of them.
Knowledge Is Power
National power is the sum total of any country's present and projected capabilities derived from political, economic, military, social, scientific, technological, and informational resources plus geographic circumstances. Innovative thinking should be an intrinsic part of that package, but the U.S. national security community taps only a tiny fraction of potentially available talent.
September 2005 Articles
A Unified Command Plan for a New Era
Since it was first created in 1946, the Unified Command Plan, the key aspect of the organizational command structure for the U.S. Department of Defense, has been hotly debated. The plan, however, has seen the U.S. successfully through every conflict of the Cold War through the early years of the war on terrorism.
Naval Intelligence: Transforming to Meet the Threat
The longest serving Director of Naval Intelligence reflects on the force's transformation since 9/11. It is stretched thin, he says, with personnel providing maritime analysis, embarked in carriers—like Intelligence Specialist Damon Jenkinson reviewing aerial reconnaissance imagery on the USS John C. Stennis (CVN-74)—and embedded with special operations forces.
Eye-View of Katrina Relief Efforts
Editors Note: The following emails were sent to Military.com by the Captain of USS Iwo Jima. Iwo Jima has literally become the headquarters, the "center of the universe" for all Federal recovery efforts, DoD as well as civilian, for Hurricane Katrina. It is on this ship that the myriad efforts have all come together. The emails provide a first-hand account of the tremendous effort being put forth to help all victims of this disaster.
The Impending Collapse of Arab Civilization
Slender minarets with muezzins calling the faithful to prayer symbolize the stability and timelessness of the Muslim world. This one in Rabi'ah, a small town on the Iraqi-Syrian border, is a classic—and the Muslim faith is flourishing. Arabs, however, most of whom are Muslims, are not.
To Guard an Era: American Purpose after Iraq
Today, three sets of human beings confront one another: those who embrace the 21st Century and its opportunities; those who want out-jihadi, political extremists, violent racial or ethnic separatists, leftover Marxists, and traditional tyrants; and the three billion who live on $2 a day and suffer from overpopulation, starvation. . . and despair.
August 2005 Articles
Smarter Security for Smaller Budgets
What will the shape of tomorrow's Navy and Coast Guard maritime security ship look like? Will it be the littoral combat ship? Or one—or more—of three other ship designs?
Mobilizing a Nation
On the outbreak of the Second World War on 1 September 1939, the United States was still in the throes of the Great Depression. Its military institutions hardly reflected those of a great power.
On Its Own: The Iraqi Navy in 2005
What will the shape of tomorrow's Navy and Coast Guard maritime security ship look like? Will it be the littoral combat ship? Or one-or more-of three other ship designs?
A Sudden Victory
Sixty years ago millions of young Americans were either in the Pacific preparing for Operation OLYMPIC, the long awaited invasion of the Japanese Home Islands, or on their way from the United States and Europe to the huge island bases from which the largest landing operation in history was to occur.
Al Jazeera: Get Used to It, It's Not Going Away
From the hot tarmac of Doha international airport, the 104-degree heat, clinging humidity, and dusty skyline make the Middle Eastern state of Qatar's capital city appear a rather uninviting and inhospitable place. The broad sweep of the corniche is just visible in the far distance, its skyline slowly being populated by western-style skyscrapers.
July 2005 Articles
Close Air Support Using Armed UAVs?
The demand for responsive, accurate, air-delivered fires for support of friendly ground forces is as great as it has ever been. The "smaller, lighter" forces being fielded today, while fast and maneuverable, typically lack the ability to deliver the overwhelming firepower of years past.
Spence Dry: A SEAL's Story
Early in 1972, two U.S. airmen being held as prisoners of war at the infamous "Hanoi Hilton" prison set in motion an escape plan. In response, the U.S. Pacific Fleet orchestrated what became known as "Operation Thunderhead," a rescue mission that played out that June in the Red River delta.
Deja Vu All Over Again?
Eccentric strategic concepts and skewed force structures have been U.S. stocks in trade for longer than most mortals can remember, even though excessive reliance on any theory, concept, principle, school of thought, policy, or other elemental alternative attracts avoidable problems and invites costly failures.
All the Sisters and All the Brothers
When reality conflicts with policy, one or the other must yield. In the matter of American women in ground combat, and the larger issue of full equality under arms: Which shall it be?
June 2005 Articles
Save the Submarine Shipyards
Keeping a defense industry going in a democracy has never been easy—but it has always been important. Without two submarine builders, the United States could find itself in a lot of trouble.
It took 170 years for the Marine Corps and Frederick and Peggy Branch to reach this moment. In the entire history of the Corps, no African-American had been commissioned until she pinned on his second lieutenant's bars at Quantico on 10 November 1945.
May 2005 Articles
Reflections on Vietnam
It ended 30 years ago when a Marine handed Graham Martin a folded flag and the U.S. Ambassador took off from the roof of the U.S Embassy in Saigon. No one, warrior or protestor, walked away from the Vietnam War unscathed. The photos need no captions. The words of the two Marine infantry officers help us remember, as if we could forget.
January 2005 Articles
""Money for college" is consistently cited as the number one
reason people join the military. With the Montgomery G.I. Bill (MGIB)
now paying over $1,000 per month to qualified students, program
rewards are significant and applicable toward a broad range of educational
December 2004 Articles
a PowerPoint Stand-Down
"A recent study by a Washington think tank found that children
now spend more time playing computer games and watching television
than they do reading. Subsequent to the report’s publication, child
education and psychology experts speculated about the long-term
effects this trend could have on children’s development."
WMD Smugglers at Sea
"The Proliferation Security Initiative seeks to stop the flow
of weapons of mass destruction (WMD), in part by boarding suspect
vessels and seizing WMD-related cargoes—as exercised here in October
2004 by naval forces from Japan, Australia, France, and the United
"The nation is at greater risk today than at any time since
the Civil War. Historically, all wars begot new ones. Two decades
after World War I, World War II broke out; the Cold War quickly
followed. Now, following the Cold War’s demise and the al Qaeda
attacks on 11 September 2001, we are engaged in a new and different
Should We Intervene?
"There are unceasing opportunities for the United States to
participate in humanitarian intervention operations—which it chose
not to do in Rwanda in 1994. Confronted by women who were party
to that genocide and seeking understanding, a West Point cadet proposes
criteria for U.S. involvement."
November 2004 Articles
Bartlett 2004 Marine Corps Photo Contest
"In 1997, the U.S. Naval Institute, with support from the Marine
Corps Heritage Foundation, created the Tom Bartlett Marine Corps
Photo Contest to honor the memory of Marine Corps photojournalist
Tom Bartlett. This year's first prize winner is presented here.
Entries for the 2005 contest are due 15 February. Find out contest
Reserve Will Be Integrated with Active Forces
"To meet the national security challenges of the 21st century,
must maximize the effectiveness of all its assets—installations,
ships, aircraft, and people—active and reserve. Integration is a
priority, and the first step is determining fleet requirements for
Warfare Transforms the Corps
"Combat is bloody, materiel-driven, and chaotic—here, Marines
engaged in Najaf, Iraq. The time has come for the Marine Corps to
change the perception that the high-tech U.S. war machine fights
at a disadvantage in urban areas. The focus must shift to urban
"There are a great many ways for us to help our own -- from
sending messages of support, to volunteering, or providing financial
support to charities focused on helping Servicemembers, Veterans
and their families."
Deliver in Mountain Storm
"In its deployment to Afghanistan earlier this year, the 22d
Marine Expeditionary Unit (Special Operations Capable) highlighted
the contributions Marine air- ground task forces make to joint commands
and validated the effectiveness of hard predeployment training."
October 2004 Articles
Judgment Be a Casualty of NCW?
"Technology is a powerful enabler, but it threatens to compromise
the decision-making prerogatives of the commander closest to the
action with the best view to make decisive judgments. "
Boats: Hard Night on the Bo-De
"It was the most miserable night I ever spent, because I wasn't
100% sure that we weren't up against a battalion. This was a full
colonel Vietnamese Marine who'd been fighting this war for 20 years.
He was telling me we were going to get overrun, and he wouldn't
"Transformation has been interpreted as exclusively technological,
but against an enemy who fights unconventionally—as this civil military
operations team faced in Afghanistan—it is more important to understand
motivation, intent, method, and culture than to have a few more
meters of precision, knots of speed, or bits of bandwidth."
Responsible for Losing the Media War in Iraq?
"The military laments that its successes in Iraq and Afghanistan
have gone unnoticed, while any bad news is immediately set on by
a national media intent on painting every U.S. commitment as a quagmire.
This might be true, but the military is not without responsibility
for this state of affairs. "
September 2004 Articles
Is the Way to Transformation
"The Quadrennial Defense Review says we need a DoD-wide
reform of the planning, programming, budgeting, and acquisition
processes. It also calls for new operational concepts, new capabilities,
and an emphasis on experimentation and training. Is anyone listening?"
the Contested Zones
"Lessons learned in Afghanistan and Iraq established the
need for improving our capability to conduct wide-ranging netted
operations that present more uncertainty to an adaptive and elusive
Big Network Could Save Your Life
"Integrating networks will transform a command establishment
bogged down in red tape and old ways. During the Iraq conflict,
digital networking enabled Army General Tommy Franks to use live
data to make critical decisions."
the Myth of the MV-22
"The MV-22 is twice as fast, can carry three times as much,
and goes six times farther than the CH-46E. However, it is also
an airplane with an image problem, primarily resulting from two
highly publicized mishaps that killed 23 Marines four years ago."
All Recruiters: A Blueprint for Winning the War for Talent
"By leveraging the power and passion of millions of potential
recruiters, the services have a real opportunity to transform how
they recruit the next generation of military leaders."
August 2004 Articles
Need Better Support from Naval Intelligence
"The future success of naval special warfare demands a complete
overhaul of the way naval intelligence deploys and trains its assets."
Forces in the War on Terror
"In the past year, naval forces have transitioned from conventional
combat operations to a complex global politico-military role in
support of counterterrorism. Fortunately, they are well suited to
for the Troops
"How important is education when the socio-political elements
of the use of force are growing and sometimes overshadow the military
Iraq, Ask the Warriors
"I have not heard a word from anyone who actually carried
a rifle or flew an aircraft in Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and
its ugly aftermath. What about consulting the guys who had -- and
still have -- the most to lose?"
July 2004 Articles
The U.S. Military Is in
Bad Good Bad Shape
"So we see that the military—said to be in such bad shape—is quite solid after all, right? Wrong."
How to Find a Career After Military Service
June 2004 Articles
"A job-search campaign after leaving the military is likely to seem fraught with more peril, heartache, and hardships than military life ever did."
al Qaeda on the Waterfront
"Fighting terrorism involves efforts on many fronts. Anticipating
how terrorists will attempt to exploit the Navy's vulnerabilities
on the waterfront is key to defeating them."
Michel: Cool Tech
"With a proliferation of new PDA technology on the
market, it often is difficult to make sense of all the choices and
Enemy Is Not Terrorism'
"We are currently in a war, but it is not a war
on terrorism. In fact, that has been a great confusion, and the
sooner we drop that term, the better. "
Michel: General Manager 2.0
"Many companies fear that military people, while
good leaders, lack the business savvy to immediately contribute."
April 2004 Articles
Are Victims Our Only War Heroes? - "We cannot let the
terrorists control the images and perceptions that govern our decisions.
We must not forfeit the high ground."
March 2004 Articles
Need Another "Greatest Generation" -"President George
W. Bush described the current conflict as a global war on terrorism,
and world events confirm the accuracy of his words. ... To meet
this challenge on a scale comparable to World War II, we surely
need another 'greatest generation.'"
Your Course -- Graduate Schools Want You - "A graduate
degree is rapidly becoming a prerequisite for senior leaders in
the armed services and in corporate America."
at Sea: 'It's All about Leadership' - "Admiral Loewer
closed the conference by echoing the mantra of the day: 'The CO
and master chiefs set the tone for the ship. It's all about leadership.'
... Navy women, she urged in closing, needed 'the courage to make
tough decisions in tough circumstances.'"
February 2004 Articles
Warfare: It Worked in Iraq - "In the Iraqi Freedom conflict,
network-centric warfare concepts were not an option for the warriors
at the front. Maneuver warfare techniques ... were what built success."
Your Course: New Act Supports Deployed Personnel - "It
is more important than ever that all members of the military community
take full advantage of all the benefits and protections afforded
them under the law."
January 2004 Articles
Decade Later -- Debacle in Somalia - "The shoot-down
of a Blackhawk helicopter on a mission to eliminate two lieutenants
of warlord Mohamed Farah Aideed was only part of the U.S. story
December 2003 Articles
by Any Definition - "As the nation begins its celebration
of the Wright Brothers' first flight, we are afforded an opportunity
to reflect on their enormous accomplishment and particularly on
the profound effect it had on the future of the U.S. Navy."
from the War Fighter - "The war on terror and the accelerating
pace of technological change demand innovation in the Navy."
October 2003 Articles
Decisive Ops Are Risky Business - "As shown in Iraq,
shock and awe -- and its current incarnation, Rapid Decisive Operations
-- promises startling effects with light forces and few casualties."
of the Transformers - "'Transformation' is the latest
and greatest buzzword in U.S. military affairs. It may already have
displaced the loathsome 'robust'—though you no doubt will hear plenty
of talk in coming years about 'robust transformation.'"
Next Revolution at Sea - "We may never again be in a
better position to build on our strengths, innovate and experiment,
and push the envelope of operational art and technological genius.
The next revolution at sea will not be driven solely by the challenges
of our dangerous world, but also by the genius of Americans answering
the bell when opportunity comes calling."
September 2003 Articles
Practices for the Surface Warfare XO - "Whether you will
serve as executive officer (XO) at sea or ashore, on a big deck,
greyhound, or gator, congratulations! You have signed on to one
of the most challenging and demanding assignments in the Navy."
JSFs Put Teeth in Sea Basing - "One of the transformational
concepts being pursued by the Navy and Marine Corps is Sea Basing,
part of the Navy's 'Sea Power 21' strategy. Sea Basing generally
is thought about in terms of logistics or as a managed provision
of sustainment to units ashore from ships offshore."
August 2003 Articles
Leader in Rocky Times - "Eric Shinseki referred to himself
as 'soldier,' not as 'general.' He stood for all that a soldier
ought to be. His determination in war and peace makes him an ideal
model of the martial virtue, courage."
Was the Coast Guard Doing in Iraq? - "Why, in the face
of our current homeland security threats, should the nation's primary
maritime security force deploy overseas? Because we are good at
is Time to Transform the Naval Reserve - "It is time
to remove the redundant bureaucracy that has separated the reserves
from the active-duty Navy and integrate them into the fleet."
Guard Aviation Gets a New Look - "'As the leader in maritime
homeland security,' Admiral Collins said, 'The Coast Guard must
have the most capable ships, aircraft, and command-and-control technology
available to protect our nation and carry out our many missions.'"
July 2003 Articles
Is Not Disloyalty - "It is better to hear dissent than
to stifle it. A key preventative to the hubris of infallibility
in making decisions is creating an atmosphere of responsible discussion
E-Mail Is a Two-Edged Sword - "...in the process of modernizing,
we must not fall prey to the administrative overhead that can accompany
proliferation of information pipes from shore to sea."
Web Plays Big in Transformation - "...information was
organized by where it came from, not by how the information would
be used during battle group operations. Thus, the knowledge wall
itself had no real knowledge."
I Am Failing My Junior Officers - "The obvious question
is, What do you do with all these people? The answer: You make up
June 2003 Articles
Comes After Tomahawk? - "...prudence now requires that
we revisit and validate the Navy's need for a 'Tomahawk like' weapon
in the face of what we do not know about the future. We do not know
how long Tactical Tomahawk will continue to meet our capability
needs, or even what those future needs could be."
Fire? - "Some say President Johnson recalled the planes
out of fear the attackers were Russian and a military response could
trigger World War III. Others say the President, who at one stage
believed Egypt had attacked the Liberty, was prepared to 'nuke'
- Vice Admiral Timothy J. Keating, U.S. Navy - "'The
first one gets through the concrete,' says Admiral Keating, 'the
second one goes in deeper and blows up. You're not going to fill
that hole overnight.'"
Warrior: Maximizing Human Capital - "This is the goal
of Sea Warrior: to integrate the Navy's manpower, personnel, and
training organizations - active and reserve - into a single, efficient,
information-rich human resource management system."
May 2003 Articles
Countermeasures A Success - "The U.S. Navy's investment
in mine warfare is like an insurance policy: you don't want to spend
too much, but you are glad you have it when you need it. In this
case, our investment paid off."
Cannot Rest On Its Laurels - "Does the Navy have so few
people in its Naval Reserve cargo handling battalions that they
could not handle Kuwait and Umm Qasr simultaneously? Or have we
gone overboard with civilianizing important requirements?"
Combat Power - "One of the reasons our readiness is so
good is because, for the first time since I have been in the Navy,
we have the right number of people. We are training the right people
at the right time in the cycle, and it is all working."
Can't Assume Nothin' - "'You can't assume nothin' in
this man's Navy.' He was wrong, of course, because military planners
frequently must substitute assumptions for absent facts."
April 2003 Articles
Concept of Operations - "The U.S. Navy's Global Concept
of Operations (ConOps) is centered on creating additional, innovative
force packages to enhance deterrence and improve our ability to
operate in more areas around the world."
with Captain Terry McKnight - "'To have the opportunity
to command a ship in combat is a commanding officer's dream come
true. I feel very fortunate to have this opportunity.'"
March 2003 Articles
with Victor Davis Hanson: 'We're Removing Saddam Hussein'
- Victor Davis Hanson is one of the most respected commentators
on military strategy today. Read his thoughts on Iraq and terrorism.
New Arab Way of War - An analyst calls for direct and
decisive action against Arab 'assassins' and the societies that
Subs Lead the Way - Very quietly, China has been building
a formidable sub fleet. Get the details from military analysts.
February 2003 Articles
Turning Information into Power - Warfare in the 21st
century will depend on integrated technology and weaponry.
Ahead Flank for LCS - Meet the Navy's newest and deadliest
combat vessel -- the Littoral Combat Ship.
Transformation - The most important breakthroughs in
the U.S. military will take place between the ears of war fighters
January 2003 Articles
Strategy Is Viable - Is President Bush's new national
security strategy feasible? Get the view of one military expert.
Basing: Operational Independence for a New Century - In
the decades ahead, the seas will comprise the most independent and
secure maneuver space for joint military forces.
Faces Crisis in Intel Analysis - "While there are
many talented people working long hours in the JIC producing intelligence
on a raft of subjects, on close inspection I believe the command
is facing a crisis in analysis. The Navy's operational intelligence
culture that thrived through the late 1980s is decaying."
Top 100 Rules of the New American Way of War - "1.
The U.S. military stays ready because it understands that while
the world is full of ongoing situations in which it remains involved,
it must be prepared for any acts of war against the United States
that come 'out of the blue.'"
Edward L. Beach Jr.: 'His Work Will Live On' - "Captain
Beach's life was one of complete dedication to the Navy, its officers,
and its sailors—and the nation they defended."
December 2002 Articles
Truth Right in the Eye' - You read his weekly columns
on Military.com. Now read an in-depth, personal interview with Colonel
David Hackworth, and learn about his new book.
the Moral High Ground in Iraq and Beyond - "Increasingly,
countries must make clear that their motives and strategies for
conflict are morally justified."
Against Al Jubayl? - In February 1991, a single Iraqi
Scud splashed harmlessly into the waters of the Arabian Gulf 150
meters from the massive commercial pier at Al Jubayl in Saudi Arabia.
Had this missile landed on the ammunition-laden pier, or been part
of a volley of multiple missiles, the results could have been catastrophic.
a Swat Team on Every Ship - Every ship needs a well-armed
tactical team trained to successfully and safely handle these missions.
November 2002 Articles
for War Takes Study and Open Debate - "We have to
create an open process where all ideas are welcomed and subjected
to the test of honest debate in many venues."
Basing: What's New? - Enhanced Networked Sea Basing's
time has come. The confluence of technology, concepts, and human
ingenuity at some point inevitably calls for a fundamental change
in the way tasks are accomplished—or, in some cases, creates completely
Shield: Projecting Global Defensive Assurance - "Sea
Shield is about projecting defensive power from the sea. It is key
to protecting our nation at home, assuring allies overseas, and
dissuading and deterring potential adversaries in multiple theaters."
Team - One Fight - Are our military forces still prepared
and ready for combat one year after 9-11? The Secretary of the Navy
gives his opinion.
October 2002 Articles
Power 21 - What does this century hold for naval strategy
and operations? Get a comprehensive look at new technologies and
Operational Art is Alive - Operational art is enjoying
a renaissance -- learn why it has been ignored for so long and why
it's making a comeback.
Art of Command and Control - The root tenets of command
and control are timeless—but they have been lost in the chase for
September 2002 Articles
Justice Still Not Served in Bob Stumpf's Case - The main
lesson of Bob Stumpf's experiences is that ultimately the military
is subject to the whims of the legislative and executive branches
Iraq - Let's Look Before Leaping - A Special Forces major
weighs the strategic outcomes for attacking Iraq.
Year Later: Frozen in Time - A Navy officer remembers
the horrible events that unfolded at the Pentagon on September 11,
Leatherneck JSF Is Just Right - With the weapon-carrying
capacity and range of a conventional aircraft—and the basing flexibility
of short takeoff and vertical landing—the F-35B variant of the Joint
Strike Fighter might be the perfect Marine Corps aircraft.
August 2002 Articles
Marine Air on Carriers Already - Marine tactical aircraft
have flown hundreds of sorties in the war on terrorism over Afghanistan,
but there is a limit to how many squadrons the Marine Corps can
Amid Great Change - In the aftermath of September 11,
it will never again be business as usual for the U.S. Coast Guard.
All in the Family - The new Surface Combatant Family
of Ships will bring access and forcible entry capabilities, long-range
fires, and precision strike to the 21st-century Navy.
July 2002 Articles
Mission to Singapore - Why did the United States send
its three most important passenger liners into potential harm's
way one month before its entry into World War II?
on the Cole: Medical Lessons Learned - After the 12 October
2000 attack on the USS Cole (DDG-67), in which 17 sailors were killed
and 42 were wounded, the U.S. Navy received a costly education in
Can We Learn From Enduring Freedom? - The key to success
in Afghanistan was U.S. carrier air power. Still, the conflict revealed
some serious problems. The U.S. military is in danger of learning
some false operational lessons by overemphasizing technology and
June 2002 Articles
Receives Navy Cross - Captain Charlie Rush was recently
presented with the Navy Cross at the U.S. Naval Academy's Memorial
Hall—for heroic deeds performed 58 years before.
the Gates" - A recent seminar on the service academies
was sponsored by the McCormick Tribune Foundation and the Naval
Institute on the occasion of the 200th anniversary of the U.S. Military
the Military Neutral - A fundamental leadership challenge
central to the definition of who we are and what we stand for as
United States military officers has been highlighted: keeping the
U.S. military politically neutral.
Toward Athens? - Is the Military Academy drifting away
from the Spartan ideals that produced soldiers such as MacArthur,
Eisenhower, Bradley, and Patton and marching steadily toward the
ivied walls of academe, an area in which the Military Academy cannot—and
May 2002 Articles
Provides Theater Air Dominance - The cooperative engagement
capability nets together sensors and fire control systems to counter
both aircraft and increasingly capable missiles today—and offers
the potential for a joint tracking network to enable a single integrated
air picture in the future.
Costs Sink Innovation - The tactical component network
could be a great leap forward in linking warfighting forces—if given
Can Fix Acquisition - Transformation means continuous
change and requires continuous experimentation, but the current
acquisition system is out of touch.
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