I am a classically trained recruiter and this is my confession. Programmed into my brain since starting my career was the idea the unemployed are low hanging fruit, and probably rotten since they were not picked for employment sooner. If I wanted top talent and a hefty bonus at the end of the year, I had better go after the currently employed who are high on the potential list for promotion. Only as a last resort would we consider hiring the unemployed. This was limited to the recently unemployed who were aggressively looking, and who met our criteria for job stability. The rule of thumb was no more than two jobs in five years or three jobs in ten. We eventually discarded this rule since the people who could meet these criteria were becoming extinct.Starting in the mid to late 1990s, and due largely to the massive layoffs during that time, employers slowly began to soften their harsh opinions about the long-term unemployed. However, any jobless person with a beat down attitude and desperate personality was off limits. We left those undesirables for our competitors to hire. From our closely guarded point of view, if no one else was willing to hire the misfortunate, why should we.
Since the start of the current recession in 2007, employers have become increasingly sensitive to the plight of the long-term unemployed. Their awakening is due to the realization millions of jobless are still consumers and they do not want to jeopardize sales by appearing uncaring. Their newfound sensitivity, however, has not translated into hiring the longer term unemployed, discontinuing layoffs or job eliminations.
This brings us to 2011, and the government's expectation US employers should play a role in turning the economy around, by creating new jobs. With sufficient tax incentives, employers will create new jobs, but this does not guarantee they will fill those jobs with the long-term unemployed, which now include half of all jobless Americans.
For anyone who thinks US employers have outgrown their unfair criticisms of the unemployed, think again. UCLA researchers, Geoffrey Ho and Margaret Shih, recently published a working paper indicating employers are still biased against hiring the jobless. Interviewers assume the unemployed are unqualified, and therefore deserving of their misfortune. This stigma can be so strong it overrides any objective data, suggesting the best qualifications are insignificant if interviewees are jobless.
This research confirms two old adages: a) you are better off searching for jobs when you have one, and b) a leopard cannot change its spots. Employers still evaluate recruiters on their ability to attract top talent, which still includes the currently employed, and as a last resort, the short-term unemployed. The long-term unemployed are so far down the totem pole all they are likely to find are the leftovers.
There are exceptions. In this case, it would be the most resilient among the long-term unemployed who are still upbeat and able to convince interviewers their misfortune and undesirability are not due to their lack of qualifications. Even among the most hardened recruiters, jobseekers that are resolved to persevere deserve a fighting chance. If for any reason, recruiters expect they will be just as hardy on the job as they have been without a job.
Herein lays the principle challenge with reducing America's unemployment, which is not simply the creation of new jobs. The challenge is in two parts, with success being conditional on the completion of the second part first:
- Improve employer attitudes toward the long-term unemployed.
- Increase the resilience of the long-term unemployed to persevere when competing for fewer jobs.
Jobseekers are unaccustomed and ill equipped to compete for fewer jobs over an extended period. Many grew up in a push-button society that is accustomed to instant gratification for everything but jobs, promotions and pay raises. Their training has focused on the development of occupational and job search skills, but not the development of mental skills to increase their self-motivation, optimism and resilience to persevere. In fact research on the psychological effects of long-term unemployment reveal a variety emotional ailments that undermine the potential of jobseekers to succeed. They need this training.
Here is the point. For the President's new job package to be viable, it must not overlook the need for specialized training to boost the mental skills of the unemployed. If we cannot create enough jobs, at least develop the ability of people to more successfully compete for what jobs are available. The model for this training already exists, in the President's home state of Illinois. It's called, Jobseeker Success Mindset Training, and it works.
Jeff is noted for pioneering the field of Employment Mindset to achieve Career Contentment. These topics show you how to have and enjoy a meaningful career despite challenges and circumstances that can't always be made satisfying. His groundbreaking research, published works, and innovative training programs are helping struggling workers and the unemployed rise above challenges posed by the stagnant economy and difficult job market. His efforts to increase people's hope, optimism, and resilience have been featured on Fox Business, ABC Sunday Morning, NPR Radio, the Wall Street Journal, Modern Medicine, Chief Executive Magazine, and Chief Learning Officer Magazine.
In addition to servicing his corporate clients, Jeff is on a mission to expand the existing job search training currently being provided to returning veterans and their spouses by the Department of Labor's One Stop Career Centers. His Employment Mindset training goes beyond the same old employment tips and tools used to find a job, and teaches you how to fulfill an employer's unpublished expectations related to right fit and chemistry; things that if you don't know, you don't get the interview or job offer.
Jeff lives in Chicago with his wife and two teenage sons. You can visit his website at www.careercontentment-thebook.com and his Facebook page at www.facebook.com/jobseekersuccessmindset. If you would like more information about Employment Mindset training, or would like to voice your support for veterans to receive this new training, send an email to: firstname.lastname@example.org.