To celebrate Ken Burns' 2017 documentary, "The Vietnam War," PBS and USA Today created a Vietnam War Draft Lottery calculator. Simply enter your birth month and day to find out whether you would have been drafted for wartime service in Vietnam.
Check Out USA Today's Draft Number Calculator.
The calculator, of course, does not use your birth year because many of us were born well after the Vietnam War. For those born in 1950, however, being drafted in 1970 was a very real prospect. In today's all-volunteer military, the idea of someone being forced into that lifestyle change can seem very bizarre. Most of the men who rotated through the country were volunteers, but a significant number were not.
Unlike World War II, there were no lines to sign up for service. And unlike the Civil War, there was no paying a substitute to take your place. But still, the perception existed that with money and connections, someone could avoid serving. So in an effort to make the draft fairer (or appear fairer), a lottery was put in place.
Draft-age men were assigned a number between one and 366, depending on their birthday. The lowest numbers were called first. This was all entirely at random.
Of course, that didn't stop some of those who were called to service from further avoiding Selective Service. Some went to college or graduate school or faked medical conditions, while others fled to Canada. In all, half a million Americans dodged their Vietnam War service.
They were fugitives until 1977 when President Jimmy Carter ordered a general amnesty. Deserters, however, were not given amnesty.
Burns' film recalls the accounts of more than 100 witnesses to the war in what he calls a "360-degree narrative." The 10-part, 18-hour documentary "The Vietnam War" is available for streaming on PBS. It began airing on Sept. 17, 2017.
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