Marine Corps

A Marine lieutenant undergoes training in the Corps' Infantry Officers Course. The course will enroll its first female students this year. Joey Chavez/U.S. Marine Corps

The Marine Corps serves as a versatile combat element, and is adapted to a wide variety of combat operations. The Marine Corps was initially composed of infantry combat forces serving aboard naval vessels, responsible for security of the ship, its captain and officers, offensive and defensive combat during boarding actions, by acting as sharpshooters, and carrying out amphibious assaults. The Marines fully developed and used the tactics of amphibious assault in World War II, most notably in the Pacific Island Campaign.

Since its creation in 1775, the Corps’ role has expanded significantly. The Marines have a unique mission statement, and, alone among the branches of the U.S. armed forces, “shall, at any time, be liable to do duty in the forts and garrisons of the United States, on the seacoast, or any other duty on shore, as the President, at his discretion, shall direct.” In this special capacity, charged with carrying out duties given to them directly by the President of the United States, the Marine Corps serves as an all-purpose, fast-response task force, capable of quick action in areas requiring emergency intervention.

The Marine Corps possesses organic ground and air combat elements, and relies upon the US Navy to provide sea combat elements to fulfill its mission as “America’s 9-1-1 Force”. Ground combat elements are largely contained in three Marine Expeditionary Forces, or “MEF’s”. The 1st MEF is based out of Camp Pendleton, California, the 2nd out of Camp LeJeune, North Carolina, while the third is based on Okinawa, Japan. Within the MEF’s are the individual Marine Divisions (MARDIVS) and Force Service Support Groups (FSSG’s).Force Reconnaissance companies are composed of Marines specially trained in covert insertion, reconnaissance, and surveillance tactics, and some have even received special operations training. The “Recon Marine’s” basic mission is to scout out the enemy and report what they find.

Air combat elements are similarly grouped in the first, second and third Marine Aircraft Wings (MAW’s).

Marine tactics and doctrine tends to emphasize aggressiveness and the offensive, compared to Army tactics for similar units. The Marines have been central in developing groundbreaking tactics for maneuver warfare; they can be credited with the development of helicopter insertion doctrine and modern amphibious assault.

The Marines also maintain an operational and training culture dedicated to emphasizing the infantry combat abilities of every Marine. All Marines receive training first and foremost as basic riflemen, and thus the Marine Corps at heart functions as an infantry corps. The Marine Corps is famous for the saying “Every Marine a rifleman.”

There are approximately 198,000 Marines currently serving across the globe.

The Marine Corps motto is “Semper Fidelis,” which means “always faithful.”

Navy, Marines Ease Up on Transgender Policy

Ray Mabus

The Navy and Marine Corps have joined the Army and Air Force in making it harder to discharge transgender military members. Navy Secretary Ray Mabus signed a memorandum last Wednesday stating, "Effective immediately, separations initiated under the provisions of the reference for service members with a diagnosis or history of gender dysphoria, ... more

US Navy Triples Paid Maternity Leave in Effort to Attract Women

The Senate will debate a House bill to extend maternity leave. (Source: Army photo)

WASHINGTON— The U.S. Navy is tripling the amount of paid maternity leave that female sailors and Marines can take after the birth of a child, and will now provide a total of 18 weeks off. The change, directed by Navy Secretary Ray Mabus, makes the Navy the first of the military services to provide more than the current six weeks of leave. Acco... more

SECNAV Announces New Maternity Leave Policy

Petty Officer 2nd Class Amanda Langendoefer breast-feeds her baby on the streets of San Diego. Courtesy of Vanessa A. Simmons

WASHINGTON (NNS) -- Secretary Ray Mabus triples maternity leave: 18 weeks for women in the Navy and Marine Corps. July 2, Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus announced that effective immediately, women who serve in the Navy and Marine Corps will have 18 weeks of maternity leave available to use during the first year of her child's life.  "In t... more

EA-6B Prowler Makes Its Final Flight for Navy

An EA-6B Prowler assigned to the Garudas of Electronic Attack Squadron (VAQ) 134 lands on the flight deck of the aircraft carrier USS George H.W. Bush. Brian Stephens/U.S. Navy

After 45 years of service, the Navy EA-6B Prowler has made its final flight. The aircraft was retired last week with a three-day commemoration at Naval Air Station Whidbey Island in Washington. The farewell ceremony, attended by more than 1,000 people, featured retired Capt. Fred Wilmot, a former Prowler test pilot who delivered the first of t... more

Carter Surprises by Picking Neller as Next Marine Commandant

Marine Corps. Lt. Gen. Robert Neller listens at the Pentagon as Defense Secretary Ash Carter recommends naming Neller as Marine Corps Commandant, Wednesday, July 1, 2015. (AP Photo/Cliff Owen)

Defense Secretary Ashton Carter reached past a short list of higher-ranking officers Wednesday to recommend that President Obama nominate Lt. Gen. Robert Neller as the 37th Marine Corps commandant. The 62-year-old Neller, an infantry officer who now serves as head of Marine Corps Forces Command in Norfolk, Va., providing for deployme... more

© 2015 Military Advantage