Jim Absher is a benefits columnist for Military.com.
While residents in two of those states will have to wait until the new year to stop paying taxes on their military retirement, retirees living in Arizona, North Carolina and Utah will see the changes take effect immediately. Indiana and Nebraska will see the changes become effective with the 2022 tax year.
The new additions bring the number of states that do not tax military retirement income to 26, while nine others offer partial exemptions and six states, plus the District of Columbia, fully tax military retirement. Nine states do not impose an income tax on their citizens.
In the past year, Arizona, North Carolina and Utah made military retirement and Survivor Benefit Plan (SBP) payments tax free, retroactive to Jan. 1, 2021. That means retirees in those states may see a large refund when they file their state taxes this year. Previously in Arizona, up to $3,500 of military retirement pay was tax free, while Utah also limited the amount that could be deducted and North Carolina waived income taxes only on certain retirees.
Gov. Doug Ducey’s Arizona Fiscal Year 2021 Executive Budget fully exempts Arizona income tax on all retirement pay, North Carolina also passed legislation and Utah’s Senate Bill 11 became law in March 2021, making all military retirement tax free.
Indiana Gov. Eric Holcomb signed a state law in 2019 that gradually increased the exemption for military retirement income. That state will stop collecting taxes on military retirement and SBP payments in 2022; previously military retirees could deduct a percentage of their military retirement from their income when filing their taxes, with up to 75% of their retirement being deductible in 2021..
Approved last May, Nebraska’s legislative bill 387 increased the amount of military retirement pay that can be deducted from gross income when filing state income taxes to 100% in 2022, meaning all military retirement becomes tax free. Previously, Nebraska excluded only a portion of military retirement from income taxes. However, survivors receiving SBP payments will still have to pay taxes on their payments.
-- Jim Absher can be reached at Jim.Absher@monster.com.