WHITE SANDS MISSILE RANGE, N.M. -- Pilots flying across New Mexico sometimes refer to "the WSMR shadow."
White Sands Missile Range, the Department of Defense's largest open-air land test range, covers more than 3,400 square miles on the ground. It also commands 10,020 miles of restricted airspace, expandable to 11,130 miles -- the largest in the continental United States. The range includes the Trinity site, where the first nuclear weapon was detonated in 1945.
The size of the range both on and above the ground and its varied terrains make it a testing ground for both military capability and civilian technology. Requests uttered at the Pentagon are engineered and tested here. Branches of the armed forces jointly test assets and train units here.
Adjacent to White Sands in the Jornada del Muerto desert region near Truth or Consequences is Spaceport America, where research and testing has been underway for commercial space travel since it opened in 2011.
Changes in command
Two years ago, Brig. Gen. Eric L. Sanchez assumed command of this facility that touches several New Mexico counties, and where thousands of military and civilian employees and contractors work, day and night.
On Friday, Sanchez retired from the military after 35 years of service, and Brig. Gen. Gregory J. Brady took over as commanding general.
Another change in leadership this summer was the arrival, in June, of a new commander for the White Sands Test Center, which manages testing operations at the range.
Col. David R. Cheney assumed command of the test center from Col. Eric C. Rannow, who had been in the job for three years.
The Missouri native came with a background as a pilot and maintenance officer with additional experience in logistics, serving in Bosnia and Afghanistan among many assignments internationally and domestically.
Cheney said he actively sought the unusually complex assignment at White Sands. Referring to collaborations between military branches and federal agencies, Cheney explained, "White Sands is probably the most joint, and arguably the most inter-agency, of all the Army's major test ranges."
"Some of the missions that we do here are affecting things going on in central command or pacific command," Sanchez said. "Things that four-star generals are asking for come here and we're testing it within 90 days ... Next thing you know, that's in the soldier's hands and they are using it."
To keep up that pace, White Sands keeps an eye on recruiting talent from the civilian sector for the future by hosting extended training opportunities for young students in the sciences and technology.
"A lot of people don't realize it's mostly civilians that operate White Sands," Sanchez said. Moreover, the civilian workforce often reports to work at midnight or 1 a.m. to prepare for missions that have to execute at 7:30 in the morning.
Sanchez said he considers the civilians' work a service to the country. "They are contributing to the defense of our nation even though they're not wearing the uniform," he said. "That's one of the things I'll always cherish and remember about my time here, the dedication and devotion and professionalism of the workforce."
Both Sanchez and Cheney refer to the range's community as "customers," serving a clientele that includes private sector interests.
A customer orientation
"At the end of the day, we're an Army installation with Army priorities," Cheney said, making sure "we never find ourselves in a fair fight." Yet, White Sands serves a broader range of research as well, from military capability to aerospace research, including developments at the spaceport.
Both officers declined to name specific entities working withing the range, but said private-sector collaborations, as well as inter-agency and joint military collaborations, are essential to maximizing funds.
"Here you are basically running a business," Sanchez said. "We depend on customers to come here in order for us to make the revenue. We get a certain amount of the budget that is mandated to come to us but then we're required to make up a certain percentage of that as well."
Cheney said the needs of various customers create a complex day-to-day process of managing priorities. Complex testing involving expensive equipment, with unpredictable mechanical failures or changing weather and atmospheric conditions, present unexpected problems every day, he said.
The unpredictable elements include shifting political winds in Washington, D.C.
During Sanchez's command, White Sands coped with uncertain revenue flow, as did the private corporations operating here, as the United States Congress funded government via short-term continuing resolutions and occasional brinkmanship that endangered appropriations.
"The last two years have been a little bit tough," Sanchez recalled, "We're past that now. Congress has passed a budget and things are getting better in that regard."
This summer, Sanchez also contended with the Organ Fire as it burned within the range between Las Cruces and Alamogordo. Garrison firefighters worked with civilian fire departments and the Bureau of Land Management, ultimately diverting the fire to a mountain where it could burn itself out.
This article is written by Algernon D'Ammassa from Las Cruces Sun-News, N.M. and was legally licensed via the Tribune Content Agency through the NewsCred publisher network. Please direct all licensing questions to firstname.lastname@example.org.