MOSCOW — Turkey's president has apologized to Moscow for the downing of a Russian military jet at the Syrian border, Russian and Turkish officials said Monday, a move that could open the way for easing a bitter strain in Russia-Turkey ties.
Recep Tayyip Erdogan's move comes seven months after the incident, which has drawn a slew of Russian sanctions that have dealt a severe blow to the Turkish economy. The formal apology, which the Kremlin had requested, would likely allow relations to improve.
Erdogan, in his message, expressed "sympathy and deep condolences" to the family of the killed pilot and apologized, Russian President Vladimir Putin's spokesman Dmitry Peskov told reporters.
Erdogan spokesman, Ibrahim Kalin, said, according to Turkey's state-run Anadolu news agency, that the Turkish leader expressed his deep regret over the downing of the Russian plane: "In the letter, the president stated that he would like to inform the family of the deceased Russian pilot that I share their pain and to offer my condolences to them. May they excuse us."
Putin denounced the downing of a Russian warplane at the Syrian border on Nov. 24 as a "treacherous stab in the back." Russia rejected the Turkish claim that the plane had violated its airspace, and responded by deploying long-range air defense missiles to its base in Syria, warning that they would destroy any target posing a threat to Russian aircraft.
Moscow also moved swiftly to ban the sales of package tours to Turkey, which had depended heavily on the Russian tourist flow; banned most of Turkey's food exports; and introduced restrictions against Turkish construction companies, which had won a sizable niche of the Russian market.
Before the plane's downing, Russia had been the largest destination for Turkish exports, mostly textile and food, and also the biggest source of Turkish imports.
The downing of the plane reflected simmering tensions between Russia and Turkey, which had backed opposing sides in the Syrian conflict. Russia's air campaign, which began in September, helped shore up Syrian President Bashar Assad, whose foes have been backed by Turkey.
Lifting the crippling restrictions was essential for Erdogan, who has found himself under pressure both at home and abroad. Since the incident, Erdogan and his ministers have continuously spoken in favor of normalizing ties with Moscow, but Putin made it clear that he expects a formal apology and a compensation of damage.
Erdogan has now offered both, according to his letter, the excerpts of which were released by the Kremlin.
"I would like to express my compassion and deep condolences to the family of the dead Russian pilot and I say I'm sorry," the Kremlin statement quoted Erdogan's letter as saying. "I share their pain with all my heart. We are ready to take any incentive to help ease the pain and the burden of inflicted damage."
Erdogan's office also said that the Turkish leader called on Putin to restore the traditional friendly relations between Turkey and Russia and work together to address regional crises and jointly combat terrorism
"We are pleased to announce that Turkey and Russia have agreed to take necessary steps without delay to improve bilateral relations," Erdogan spokesman Kalin said.
The Kremlin said that the letter added that the Turkish authorities were conducting a probe against a Turkish citizen, who allegedly shot and killed the plane's pilot as he was descending by parachute. The plane's co-pilot survived and was rescued, but a Russian marine was killed by militants during the rescue mission near the border.
Turkish Prime Minister Binali Yildirim said earlier Monday that there were "beautiful developments" concerning Russia but did not provide details.
"The Turkish people and the Russian people want this crisis to end and believe it is meaningless," Yildirim said. "Our duty should be to meet the expectations of the people."
--Nataliya Vasilyeva in Moscow and Suzan Fraser in Ankara, Turkey contributed to this report.