WASHINGTON - A deadly shooting in the heart of Washington has reignited the national debate about gun control, but it's uncertain whether Monday's tragedy will revive action in Congress that failed against opposition from gun rights supporters.
Even after a national outcry when a gunman shot dead 20 young children and six adults in a Connecticut school in December, President Barack Obama was unable to find support from lawmakers for substantial changes.
Monday's shooting was at least the seventh mass shooting of Obama's presidency.
People on both sides of the debate offered sympathy for the victims on Monday's shooting, which killed 12 and left the gunman dead. Law enforcement officials say the shooter, 34-year-old Aaron Alexis, had serious mental issues, including hearing voices in his head.
"When will enough be enough?" Sen. Dianne Feinstein, a leading advocate for tougher gun control in the Senate, said in a written statement. "Congress must stop shirking its responsibility and resume a thoughtful debate on gun violence in this country. We must do more to stop this endless loss of life."
Obama wearily mourned the victims while speaking at the White House.
"We are confronting yet another mass shooting, and today it happened on a military installation in our nation's capital," Obama said.
There were conflicting reports on which guns Alexis used or how he obtained them.
Two law enforcement officials told The Associated Press that an AR-15 assault rifle was found at the scene, but one of them said Tuesday that Alexis did not use that weapon in the shootings. The official said that guns Alexis used included a shotgun he had purchased and two handguns he took from law enforcement at the scene.
Asked whether the shooting would reignite the president's call for more gun control, White House spokesman Jay Carney on Monday reiterated Obama's commitment to strengthening gun laws, including expanding background checks to sales online and at gun shows.
"The president supports, as do an overwhelming majority of Americans, common-sense measures to reduce gun violence," Carney said.
About 50 activists from the Connecticut town where the December shooting occurred were on their way to Washington on Tuesday to lobby lawmakers for tougher gun control laws. The trip had been planned before Monday's attack.
Dr. Janis Orlowski, chief operating officer of Washington Hospital Center, which treated several of the Navy Yard victims, said: "We need to do whatever we can - to have people argue, to have people disagree - this is something we've got to work on together. ... We've got to stop it."
The nation's top gun lobby, the National Rifle Association, declined to respond to requests for comment Monday. The group successfully fought Obama's push for stricter firearms laws.
Obama and gun control advocates have vowed to continue fighting for the cause but they can't point to a single new Senate supporter. Their case wasn't helped last week, when Colorado residents voted to remove two senators who supported expanded background checks and limits on ammunition magazines.
Dan Gross, President of the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence, said in a statement, "While it is too early to know what policies might have prevented this latest tragedy, we do know that policies that present a real opportunity to save lives sit stalled in Congress, policies that could prevent many of the dozens of deaths that result every day from gun violence."