TOWNSHIP 8, Range 10, Maine -- An ejection seat retrieved from Elephant Mountain in May probably belonged to the pilot of the doomed B-52 bomber that crashed there 49 years ago, the crash's primary researcher said August 19.
A review of records, interview with the pilot and examination of damage done to the seat leaves Pete Pratt pretty well satisfied that Lt. Col. Dante E. Bulli, the pilot of the B-52C trainer, was the seat's final occupant.
"We don't know," Pratt said August 19, irritation at not being entirely sure evident in his voice, "but as near as we can find out, that seat was the pilot's seat."
A trace of the serial number on the seat revealed that the seat was made for the pilot or co-pilot's position. Pratt said he never learned from Boeing Aircraft officials or the U.S. Air Force exactly where the seat was positioned within the craft.
Pratt has said he is confident that the seat is part of the bomber that crashed on Jan. 24, 1963. The B-52 had left Westover Air Force Base in Massachusetts as part of an Air Force test of the eight-engine jet's handling in low-level flight, a key element to Air Force explorations of using the B-52, a high-altitude craft, as a low-level bomber capable of penetrating Soviet and Chinese radar cover.
The jet was at about 300 feet and traveling at 300 knots, or about 345 mph, when it encountered severe turbulence as it sped into the Greenville area. Bulli climbed to avoid the choppy air when the plane's vertical stabilizer tore from the tail section, according to a history Pratt provided.
Bulli, co-pilot Maj. Robert Morrison, and Capt. Gerald J. Adler, a navigator seated in the electronic warfare officer's position, managed to eject in the short time before the B-52C trainer banked right, curved around the mountain and crashed at about 2:50 p.m.
Morrison was killed after leaving the plane when he hit a tree. Bulli suffered a broken left leg, and frostbite eventually cost Adler his left leg. The two men endured about 18 hours in subzero temperatures -- it was 29 degrees below zero that night -- before rescuers contending with about five feet of snow could get to them, the history states.
Crash wreckage remains strewn through the area. Maine Forest Service Ranger Sgt. Bruce Reed found the ejection seat while hunting last fall. It was outside the approximately 1 1/2 -mile no-salvage and no-harvesting zone created by Scott Paper years ago and maintained today by Plum Creek. Pratt and a group of rangers retrieved the seat on May 24.
It is possible that the seat remained in the place where Reed found it, but Pratt is doubtful. The Moosehead Riders Snowmobile Club's B-52 coordinator, the man volunteering to continue to build and maintain the memorial the club helped create to the 1963 crash, believes it was probably carried to the point where Reed found it by someone else during its years in the wilderness, Pratt said.
Its location doesn't conform much with the crash and debris fields and Reed found it on an old, abandoned and somewhat overgrown logging road built sometime after the crash, Pratt said.
Pratt is much more confident that Bulli was the seat's last occupant. In Pratt's recent interview with the crash survivor conducted within a few weeks of the retrieval, Bulli told him that the damage pattern on the seat matches the kind of damage the seat took during the ejection in the final terrifying seconds of the jet's journey.
"When the plane came in after it lost the stabilizer, it made a hard right bank and, as he explained it to me, he blew himself through the hatch," Pratt explained.
Two levers governed the ejection process. One pulled the plane's steering column away from the seat and blew the hatch over the pilot's head. The second activated the explosive charge that separated seat from jet, Pratt said.
"He said, 'I knew I didn't have time to do both,' " Pratt said. "He didn't pull the lever for the steering column retraction and hatch and being [that the bomber was] on a hard right bank, the top left portion of the seat was damaged. On the back of it, it is bent quite badly to the right, to indicate that is what hit the hatch and opened it."
Bulli's broken bones came because his leg hit the steering column on his way out of the bomber, Pratt said.
All of the ejection seats blown from the B-52 have been recovered. Adler's resides at the Moosehead Riders Snowmobile Club. Morrison's is at the Maine Air Museum in Bangor and Bulli's will stay at the Moosehead Historical Society for the near future, Pratt said.
Pratt is likely to move out of the area sometime soon and said he didn't want to speak for the seat's final display point. Pratt said he is satisfied with his forensic investigation and the seat's being on display now, about five months prior to the crash's 50th anniversary.
So is Bulli.
"He was pleased to know that we had all the seats," Pratt said. "He has been and still is very interested and supportive of the work that people in the Greenville area have done to preserve the crash scene."
About 7,000 people visit the crash scene memorial annually -- a fitting tribute, Pratt said, to the sacrifice of the pilots and crew and to a time when a thin line of aircraft stretched across the sky, on constant patrol, was the front line to the Cold War.
"It grabs you when you go up there, let's put it that way. The interest it has garnered through the years is unbelievable," he said.