ROME — Ships from Italy and France rescued more than 1,400 migrants on Saturday after smugglers' boats ran into trouble in the Mediterranean Sea near Libya. Italian officials said 1,200 migrants were being taken to Italian ports after several different rescue operations by its coast guard and navy, including helping some 200 people aboard motorized rubber dinghies a day earlier south of Sicily. The smugglers' boats had set out in a spell of warm, calm weather. In a French operation, another 217 migrants in three rubber dinghies were rescued by a Marine patrol boat and two suspected smugglers were detained in the seas north of Libya, the Maritime Prefecture in Toulon said. All were being turned over to Italian authorities. It was the first rescue operation by France since an April 23 decision by European leaders to boost patrols after an estimated 800 migrants died earlier this month when an overcrowded fishing boat capsized. That was the largest known loss of life in a single migrant boating disaster — only 28 people survived. The deaths prompted a humanitarian outcry and a European Union pledge to boost rescue efforts. A record 280,000 illegal border crossings were detected in the EU last year, according to Frontex, Europe's border agency. More than 170,000 migrants came through the Mediterranean, chiefly from Libya — a 277 percent increase over 2013. Most were from Syria and Eritrea. Meanwhile, Egyptian security officials say a boat carrying mostly Sudanese and Syrian migrants has capsized off Egypt's Mediterranean coast, killing three people. Maj. Gen. Mohamed Ismail says 31 people were rescued Saturday and subsequently arrested after the boat capsized near the coastal city of Idku. Violence and poverty in the Middle East and Africa is driving a surge in refugees headed to Europe, with many crowded rafts capsizing and leaving hundreds feared dead. Libya in particular has been a hotspot for human trafficking, although boats occasionally try to leave from Egypt as well.
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