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Special Operations Overview

Called upon to perform the toughest duties in the armed forces, Special Operations Forces directly affect the protection of America's freedom.

Army

Army Special Forces
Learn More About the Green Berets

75th Ranger Regiment
Learn More About the Army Rangers

160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment
Learn More About the Night Stalkers

Marines

Marine Force Reconnaissance
Learn More About Marine RECON

Marine Corps Special Operations Command
Learn More About Marine MARSOC

Marine RECON Missions
Learn More About Marine RECON

Air Force

Air Force Special Tactics
Learn More About Special Tactics

Spec Ops Profile: Air Force Pararescue Jumpers

Air Force Pararescue Jumpers

Just about anything can happen during a mission and standard exfiltration isn't always an option. If an operation has gone south, Air Force Pararescuemen are the specialists you'll want to call when recovery and medical treatment are needed immediately. Of the 22 enlisted Air Force Cross recipients, 12 of them are PJs. With a track record of excellence and selflessness, they certainly live up to their creed -- "It is my duty as a Pararescueman to save lives and to aid the injured. I will be prepared at all times to perform my assigned duties quickly and efficiently, placing these duties before personal desires and comforts. These things I do, that others may live."

Training

The following information comes from Military.com contributor Stew Smith, a former Navy SEAL. For more information on PJ Training, check out his article about the whole process.

Once in the PJ Candidate Course, you will be challenged physically for ten weeks in Lackland AFB, Texas.  The first phase is known as Team Training and is 8 weeks long.  It consists of extensive physical training with swimming, running, weight training, calisthenics and obstacle courses.  Educational training such as medical and diving terminology, CPR, weapons qualifications, and dive physics are also part of the Candidate Course. 

 Here are the specifics minimums to becoming a PJ and Combat Control tech but the numbers in the parenthesis are recommended scores from Spec Ops trainers:
- 2 x 25 m sub surface swim no time limit 
- 500 m swim 10:07 or less (sub 9 min)
- 30 min rest 
- 1.5 mile run 9:47 or less (sub 9 min)
- 10 min rest 
- 10 pull ups min (20+)
- 2 min rest 
- 58 sit ups min (100+)
- 2 min rest 
- 54 push ups min (100+

Iron Man Standards:
- 2 x 25 m sub surface 
- 500 m swim 9:30 
- 1.5 mile run 9:30 
- 13 pull ups
- 65 sit ups
- 65 push ups

History

The history of Pararescuemen goes back to before their official inception. The need for medical services to be supplied by aerial vehicles was predicted as early as 1922, but the idea wasn't put into conventional practice until World War II. During the war, disparate units were formed to fill this role, and while their equipment and training varied, each unit operated under the assumption that there were survivors in a crash until proven otherwise.

After the war, the Army Air Force created the Air Rescue Service in 1946. 1947 saw the official inclusion of pararescue jumpers when Dr. (Capt.) Pope B. ‘Doc' Holiday parachuted into Nicaragua to assist a crewmember who had evacuated a crippled B-17. Pararescue Jumpers have subsequently served in Korea, Vietnam, and engagements around the world including the War on Terror.

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