The Flag House
The Flag House is located on the northwestcorner of Albemarle and Pratt Streets in Baltimore, Maryland. It was the homeof Mary Pickersgill from 1807 to 1857, and it was where she made the original"Star-Spangled Banner," which measured 30 by 42 feet. The stripes were two feetwide and the stars were two feet from point to point. Mrs. Pickersgill was paid$405.90 for her services. The flag was delivered to Fort McHenry on August 19,1813, a full year before the Battle of Baltimore.
In 1876, Caroline Pickersgill Purdy wrote aletter to Georgiana Armistead Appleton, daughter of the Fort McHenryCommandant, in which she recounted the details of the making of the flag.Caroline wrote"
"It was made by my mother,Mrs. Mary Pickersgill, and I assisted her. My grandmother, Rebecca Young, madethe first flag of the Revolution under George Washington's directions, and forthis reason my mother was selected by Commodore Barney and General Stricker tomake this star-spangled banner, being in exceedingly patriotic woman. Thisflag, I think, contained four hundred yards of bunting, and my mother workedmany nights until twelve o'clock to complete it in a given time."
The flag bears the autograph of Lt. Col. GeorgeArmistead as well as the date of the British bombardment. The flag remained inthe Armistead family for many years until it was loaned to the Smithsonian foran official display in 1907. On December 19, 1912, it was donated to theSmithsonian where it is now on permanent exhibit. In 1914, much-neededpreservative work was done on the flag by Mrs. Amelia Fowler and several otherrestoration experts. Although the flag was reduced in size in order to repairit, the reinforcement technique used has preserved its existence.
The Flag House is a National Historic Landmark,and is operated by an independent non-profit association. The flag is flownover the house 24 hours a day.