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Divisive Congress Passes VOW Act
Tom Philpott | November 10, 2011

To Help Vets Get Jobs, Divisive Congress Cuts a Deal

As Veterans' Day approached, peace descended long enough on a bitterly divided Congress to reach a deal that could help military veterans, in multiple ways, find decent jobs in a tough economy.

On Monday President Obama appeared in the Rose Garden with representatives of veterans groups and all but dared Republicans to reject another initiative from his American Jobs Act, in this case $95 million worth of tax credits, through 2015, for employers who hire Post-9/11 veterans.

The president also unveiled new administrative initiatives to help jobless Post-9/11 vets find work, including personalized job search services, for up to six months, through Department of Labor career centers.

Not long after Obama's press conference ended, the chairmen of House and Senate veteran affairs committees announced a bipartisan deal to support those employer tax credits and a lot more to cut vet unemployment.

Democrat Patty Murray (Wash.), who chairs the Senate committee, and Republican Jeff Miller (Fla.), House committee chairman, unveiled the "VOW to Hire Heroes Act." It combines provisions of Murray's Hiring Heroes Act (S 951) and Miller's Veterans Opportunity to Work Act (HR 2433) with Obama's tax credits, originally conceived by Sen. Max Baucus (D-Mont.).

-- The Returning Heroes Tax Credit offers businesses a tax credit of up to $5600 for each Post-9/11 veteran hired who has been looking for a job for more than six months. A tax credit of $2400 would be allowed for hiring veterans who have been unemployed for more than four weeks.

-- The Wounded Warriors Tax Credit would provide a tax credit of up to $9,600 to hire Post-9/11 veterans with service-connected disabilities who have been looking for a job for more than six months.

Key features of the combined bill Murray championed includes:

-- Mandatory attendance at an improved Transition Assistance Program (TAP) for most service members moving into civilian life with upgraded career counseling options and resume writing help at a cost of $11 million over five years.

-- Also, service members interested in federal civilian job could begin the application process before separation from service to ease their transition to jobs at the departments of Defense, Veteran Affairs, Homeland Security or other federal agencies that welcome their military experience.

Features of the combined bill that Miller championed include:

-- Giving up to 100,000 unemployed veterans of past eras and wars up to one year of additional Montgomery GI Bill benefits at community colleges or technical schools to help them qualify for jobs in high-demand sectors, "from trucking to technology," at a cost of $1.5 billion over three years.

-- Up to one year of additional Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment benefit for severely disabled veterans.

-- The Department of Labor will study military skills and training to determine what "should be translatable" to civilian jobs and then work to make it easier for veterans to get licenses ands certifications they need.

The Senate Thursday voted 94-1 to attach the combined veterans job bill to HR 674, a House-passed bill to repeal a three-percent tax-withholding requirement on government contractors. The Senate then passed HR 674 and sent it back to the House. Miller will shepherd it through a final House vote and on to the president for signature after Veterans Day weekend.

To cover the cost of the veteran jobs package, Murray and Miller agreed to a provision that will keep in place higher VA loan guarantee fees for veterans who re-use home loan benefits a second time or more. The higher fees, set in 2003, were to expire but will be extended through 2016.

In a speech to colleagues urging swift passage, Murray said society's failure to provide jobs for returning Post-9/11 veterans often plays a "crucial role" incidents of suicide, substance abuse and homelessness.

Jobs data from the Bureau of Labor Statistic for October show an unemployment rate of 12.1 percent for Post-9/11 veterans versus a jobless rate of 8.4 percent for non-veterans age 18 and older. The jobless rate for Post-9/11 veterans a year ago was 10.6 percent.

Veterans from all eras were doing better, however. The overall unemployment rate for veterans was 7.7 percent in October, down from 8.3 percent a year ago.

In urging Congress to pass tax credits for businesses that hire veterans, the president also announced a series of initiatives to make the job search easier for Post-9/11 veterans.

-- At www.dol.gov/vets/goldcard.html they can download a “Veteran Gold Card” to give Post-9/11 vets with extra support in transitioning out of the military. The card provides access to six months of personalized case management, career assessment, job counseling and interview coaching at roughly 3,000 Department of Labor-run One-Stop Career Centers located across the country.   “Our experience shows that veterans who get one-on-one job assistance have much greater success in finding a career,” said Labor Secretary Hilda L. Solis.

-- At another new website, www.mynextmove.org/vets, veterans and service members can plug in their military occupational specialty code and learn how their service skills and training translate to civilian occupations.  The same web portal can tell veterans what companies are hiring in that occupational area, the overall hiring outlook, salaries, apprenticeships, and additional training programs needed.

[Editor's Note: This week the Department of Veterans Affairs announced the release of their new Veteran career center – VaforVets – an online resource that can help Veterans translate military skills to civilian jobs, take self-assessments, build easy-to-read resumes, apply to open VA positions, and includes helpful webinars and videos. VAforVets can be found at VAforVets.va.gov. ]

Finally, the administration launched a Veterans Job Bank,https://www.nationalresourcedirectory.gov/jobSearch/index, at the National Resource Directory to help veterans find job postings from companies looking to hire them.  The bank has more than 500,000 job postings to date and that number is growing, White House officials explained.

All of these services can be accessed too at:www.whitehouse.gov/vets

To comment, email milupdate@aol.com, write to Military Update, P.O. Box 231111, Centreville, VA, 20120-1111 or visit: www.militaryupdate.com

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Copyright 2013 Tom Philpott. All opinions expressed in this article are the author's and do not necessarily reflect those of Military.com.

About Tom Philpott

Tom Philpott has been breaking news for and about military people since 1977. After service in the Coast Guard, and 17 years as a reporter and senior editor with Army Times Publishing Company, Tom launched "Military Update," his syndicated weekly news column, in 1994. "Military Update" features timely news and analysis on issues affecting active duty members, reservists, retirees and their families. Tom also edits a reader reaction column, "Military Forum." The online "home" for both features is Military.com.

Tom's freelance articles have appeared in numerous magazines including The New Yorker, Reader's Digest and Washingtonian. His critically-acclaimed book, Glory Denied, on the extraordinary ordeal and heroism of Col. Floyd "Jim" Thompson, the longest-held prisoner of war in American history, is available in hardcover and paperback.