Today, Reservists play a part in a larger percent of critical military
missions than ever before and have had a role in every major military
action in the last 20 years.
Serve Your Country/Have a Civilian Career
Many people turn to the Reserves as a way to serve their country while
continuing their civilian careers. With as little as a weekend a month
and two weeks a year, you can make a significant contribution to your
What are the Reserves?
The Reserve components of the Armed Forces are: the Army National
Guard of the United States, the Army Reserve, the Naval Reserve, the
Marine Corps Reserve, the Air National Guard of the United States,
the Air Force Reserve and the Coast Guard Reserve. All Reserve and
Guard service members are assigned to one of three Reserve Component
categories -- the Ready Reserve, the Standby Reserve and the Retired
Reservists are eligible for numerous federal benefits and entitlements
including inactive duty for training (drill), active duty for training
and active duty, Retired Reserve under age 60, and Retired Reserve
at least age 60.
The Selected Reserve Incentive Program offers bonuses for enlistment,
reenlistment, prior-service enlistment, affiliation, enlistment in
the Individual Ready Reserve, and repayment of student loans for enlisted
members and health professionals.
Many states also offer benefits to Reservists, including additional
tax considerations or leave entitlements.
Call to Active Duty
It's important to remember that Reservists are members of the U.S.
military and can be called to extended active duty in times of crisis
and national need. The length of active duty "call up" depends on
the degree of national mobilization.
Types of Reservists
All reservists fall into three categories:
Ready Reserve - The Ready Reserve includes military members
of the Reserve and National Guard, organized in units, or as individuals,
who are liable for recall to active duty to augment the active
components in time of war or national emergency as provided by
law. The Ready Reserve consists of the Selected Reserve, Individual
Ready Reserve and Inactive National Guard.
Standby Reserve - The Standby Reserve includes people who maintain
their military affiliation without being in the Ready Reserve,
who have been designated as key civilian employees or who have
a temporary hardship or disability. These individuals are not
required to perform training and are not part of units. The Standby
Reserve is a pool of trained individuals which can be mobilized
if necessary to fill manpower needs in specific skills.
Retired Reserve - The Retired Reserve includes all Reserve officers
and enlisted who receive retired pay on the basis of their active
duty and/or Reserve service; all Reserve officers and enlisted
who are otherwise eligible for retired pay but have not reached
age 60, and who have not elected discharge and are not voluntary
members of the Ready or Standby Reserve; and select others.
Service-Specific Reserve Programs
A reserve component exists to augment each branch of military service.
These Reserve Components are as different as the individual branches
of service they support.
Air Force Reserve
Coast Guard Reserve
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