join military


Histories for HHC, ARCENT-Kuwait

ARCENT-Kuwait History
Following Operation Desert Storm and the liberation of Kuwait in February 1991, Camp Doha emerged as the focal point for U.S. Armed Forces in Kuwait. The threat of future aggression necessitated a presence of U.S. forces to maintain security and stability in the Gulf region. As a result, U.S. military forces began rotating into Kuwait providing security assistance, training exercises and performing necessary contingency planning. Among the first U.S. Army units deployed to Camp Doha after Desert Storm were the 3rd Armored Division, 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment and the 8th Infantry Division. Camp Doha's facilities, services and personnel rapidly grew from two small warehouses to its present 500-acre complex. The original facilities were operated by the Public Warehousing Company and the Kuwait Ports Authority. These installations were subsequently leased by the Kuwait Ministry of Defense and provided to the 3rd U.S. Army to support base operations for post-Desert Storm redeployment operations. This mission was assigned to the Combat Equipment Group, Southwest Asia (CEGWA), based at King Khalid Military City, Saudi Arabia. In July 1991, a tragic fire and explosion destroyed the 11the Armored Cavalry Regiment's motor park at Camp Doha. As a result, CEGWA began relocating equipment to Kuwait in order to reconstitute the regiment and transfer equipment to the 8th Infantry Division, deploying from Germany. By November 1991, CEGWA completed the placement of equipment for a battalion-size training and contingency force at Camp Doha and had retrograded over 3,000 tactical vehicles to the United States. In November 1991, the Combat Equipment Group was redesignated as the United States Army-Kuwait, and the first commercial company, DynCorp International, was contracted to maintain the equipment set at Camp Doha. Desert Storm retrograde operations were complete in April 1992, and in May, U.S. Army Kuwait was redesignated as U.S. Army Training and Security-Kuwait (ATRS-K). Its mission was to maintain the equipment in place to support the joint exercise program with Kuwait under the new Defense Cooperation Agreement. This made Camp Doha an important power projection platform for U.S. Forces. In August 1992, Iraq directly challenged Operation Southern Watch flights over its territory. This crisis prompted the establishment of Task Force-Kuwait at Camp Doha under 3rd Army's deputy commander. The U.S. Army deployed a battalion task force to Kuwait to draw the prepositioned equipment at Camp Doha. The task force conducted exercises with Kuwaiti land forces and served as a ground deterrent force. This operation continued until April 1993. Later the same month, former President George Bush visited Kuwait and spoke to the deployed troops at Camp Doha. In July of 1994, ATRS-K was re-designated as Area Support Group-Kuwait (ASG-K). Additionally, ITT Corporation became the commercial contractor responsible for maintenance of the prepositioned equipment. In October 1994, Iraq's provocative excursion toward the Kuwaiti border caused the activation of TF-Kuwait under Operation Vigilant Warrior. The U.S. Army deployed a brigade from the 24th Infantry Division along the Kuwait-Iraq border. President Bill Clinton became the second U.S. president to visit the troops in Kuwait during November 1994. The ASG-K experience during Vigilant Warrior resulted in expansion of the equipment in place to support a full brigade combat team contingency and the recognition of Camp Doha as the model for other prepositioned installations world-wide. The refinement of contingency plans for command control of the theater resulted in the redesignation of Area Support Group-Kuwait as U.S. Army Central Command-Kuwait (ARCENT-KU) in December 1994. In August 1995, the revelation of Iraqi plans to attack Kuwait prompted Operation Vigilant Sentinel. TF-Kuwait was once again established and a brigade combat team was deployed to Kuwait and drew Camp Doha's forward positioned set of equipment through the end of the crisis in December 1995. In September 1996, Iraq intervened in the Kurdish conflict in the northern part of the country. This military action took place above the 36th parallel, the area defined by the United Nations as off limits to Iraqi forces. The U.S. Central Command (USCENTCOM) conducted a series of air and missile attacks against selected targets in Iraq, called Operation Desert Strike. TF-Kuwait was activated and a brigade combat team from the 1st Cavalry Division was deployed to Kuwait until the crisis ended in December 1996. Following Operation Desert Strike, Kuwait agreed to a nearly continuous presence of U.S. battalion task force in Kuwait. These U.S. Army Intrinsic Action rotations and U.S. Marine Corps Eager Mace rotations conduct combined training with the Kuwaiti land forces and other coalition partners. In addition, Special Operations forces conduct Iris Gold rotations to train and assist other Kuwaiti military units. In December 1998, Iraq's failure to allow UNSCOM inspectors to effectively perform their mission and to comply with U.N. resolutions established following Desert Storm once again prompted the activation of an entire brigade combat team from 3rd Infantry Division, Fort Stewart, Georgia. The two battalions, Task Force 4th Battalion, 64th Armor and 3rd Battalion, 15th Infantry, deployed along the border in support of Operation Desert Fox, Dec. 16 - 19. Today the ARCENT-KU presence in Kuwait remains a deterrent to aggression and helps preserve peace in the region. ARCENT-KU serves as the forward-deployed base for Joint Task Force-Kuwait (JTF-Kuwait), providing command and control over all U.S. Forces that deploy into Kuwait during a contingency. ARCENT-KU continues to perfect the Reception, Staging, Onward movement and Integration (RSOI) process for the rest of the U.S. Army.

Jul 16 2000 05:49:00:000PM

Gen Shelton Speaking to 1CAV Troops
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. Hugh Shelton visiting with Task Force troops at the Kabal June 7

Guardsmen Boarding Aircraft
Illinois Guardsmen take their turn at protecting the force

Kuwait City Gold Souk
Woman and boy window shopping in Kuwait City's gold souk

Immediate Focus prepares ADA ready for war
PATRIOT missiles loaded onto a transport vehicle

Coalition Gate
Old City gate near Gulf Road contains all the flags of the Coalition that liberated Kuwait in 1991.These walls were originally built by sheikh Salim Al-Mubarak in 1922 to keep the marauding desert tribes out of the town.

Kuwait Towers
These water towers can be described as Kuwait's most identifiable symbol

Kuwait Towers
Kuwait Towers at night

Arabian Gulf Coast
Shot of the gulf beaches and Kuwaiti coastline taken from inside Kuwait Towers

Allied Flags
Kuwaiti and US flags swirling in the wind

Back to Unit Page

Other Links:

© 2015 Military Advantage
A Monster Company.