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Histories for 61st Medical Battalion




61st Medical Battalion - History
HEADQUARTERS AND HEADQUARTERS DETACHMENT

61st MEDICAL BATTALION



Constituted 7 August 1942 in the Army of the United States as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 61st Medical Battalion, Motorized and activated 25 September 1942 at Camp Breckinridge, Kentucky. Reorganized and redesignated 10 April 1944 as Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment, 61st Medical Battalion. Inactivated 12 November 1945 in France. Allotted to the Regular Army on 1 March 1963. Activated 26 March 1963 at Fort Campbell, Kentucky; inactivated 30 April 1972 at Fort Lewis, Washington. Activated 15 January 1993 at Fort Hood, Texas.



CAMPAIGN STREAMERS

World War II

Normandy (with arrowhead)

Northern France



Vietnam

Counteroffensive

Counteroffensive, Phase II

Counteroffensive, Phase III

Tet Counteroffensive

Counteroffensive, Phase IV

Counteroffensive, Phase V

Counteroffensive, Phase VI

Tet 69/Counteroffensive

Summer-fall 1969

Winter-spring 1970

Sanctuary Counteroffensive

Counteroffensive, Phase VII

Consolidation I

Consolidation II

Cease-Fire



DECORATIONS

Meritorious Unit Commendation, Streamer embroidered EUROPEAN THEATER (61st Med Bn cited for period 6 Jun-5 Aug 1944; GO 90 Hq, CommZ, 28 May 1945)



Meritorious Unit Commendation, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1966- 1968 (HHD 61st Med Bn cited for period 8 Jun 1966-7 Jun 1968; DAGO 28, 1969)



French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World War II, Streamer embroidered BEACHES OF NORMANDY (61st Med Bn cited for action on 6 Jun 1944; DAGO 43, 1950)







COAT OF ARMS

SHIELD: Argent, on a mound vert between two oak trees proper, fructed of the field, each entwined with a serpent respecting each other proper, eyed and langued sanguine, a unicorn rampant of the last.



CREST: On a wreath of the colors (argent and vert), two palm branches saltirewise proper, surmounted by a tower argent, masoned and charged with a cross pomme gules, issuing fourteen rays or.



MOTTO: Inest Clementia Forti (Mercy is Inherent in the Brave).



Maroon and white are colors traditionally associated with the Medical Corps. The functions of the unit are represented by the unicorn whose horn, in ancient times, was regarded as a sovereign cure for many diseases and an antidote against all poisons. The oak trees are symbolic of the sturdy growth of the Battalion. The entwined serpents are representative of the serpents of the Staff of Aesculapius, the mythological Greek God of Medicine. The green grass alludes to Kentucky where the unit was originally activated. The numerical designation of the Battalion is inferred by the six objects--the acorns and trees and the serpent between the unicorn. The tower symbolizes strength and commemorates World War II decorations earned in the European Theater during World War II. The cross highlights medical care; red denotes sacrifice and bravery and alludes to the Meritorious Unit Commendations. The palm fronds honor the Meritorious Unit Commendation for Vietnam service while the fourteen rays underscore the campaigns in that country. The palms also refer to the French Croix de Guerre for services on the Beaches of Normandy.



DISTINCTIVE INSIGNIA

The insignia is the shield and motto of the coat of arms.


May 04 2000 12:32:06:000AM




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