37th Engineer Battalion - History
37th ENGINEER BATTALION
Constituted in the National Army as 1st Battalion, 37th Engineers (Electrical and Mechanical) and organized at Fort Myer, Virginia during January 1918. Demobilized at Camp Upton, New York in March 1919. Reconstituted 1 October 1933 in the Regular Army as 1st Battalion, 37th Engineers (General Service). Redesignated 13 January 1941 as 1st Battalion, 37th Engineers (Combat). Activated 14 July 1941 at Camp Bowie, Texas. Redesignated 1 August 1942 as 1st Battalion, 37th Engineer Combat Regiment. Reorganized at Camp Beale, California and redesignated 18 March 1943 as 37th Engineer Combat Battalion. (Departed Boston Port of Embarkation 25 October 1943 for overseas service; arrived in England on 1 November 1943 and landed in France on 6 June 1944. Returned to the United States and arrived at the New York Port of Embarkation on 1 December 1945). Inactivated 2 December 1945 at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey. Redesignated 28 October 1954 as the 37th Engineer Battalion (Combat). Activated 17 December 1954 in Germany; inactivated 31 December 1958 in Germany. Activated 16 August 1987 at Fort Bragg, North Carolina.
World War I World War II
St. Mihiel Normandy (with arrowhead)
Meuse-Argonne Northern France
Southwest Asia Central Europe
Defense of Saudi Arabia
Liberation and Defense of Kuwait
Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered NORMANDY (37th Engr Cbt Bn cited for action on 6 June 1944; WDGO 21, 1945)
Meritorious Unit Commendation, Streamer embroidered EUROPEAN THEATER (37th Engr Cbt Bn cited for period 6 Jun-31 Aug 1944; GO 53 Hq, CommZ ETO, 13 Apr 1945)
French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World War II, Streamer embroidered NORMANDY BEACHES (37th Engr Cbt Bn cited for action on 6 Jun 1944; DAGO 43, 1950)
COAT OF ARMS
SHIELD: Gules, a rock argent within a garland of oak leaves and acorns proper.
CREST: On a wreath of the colors (argent and gules), a demi eagle displayed sable, armed and langued gules, collared or, charged on the breast with a fleur-de-lis argent, debuised in base by an escallop gold.
MOTTO: Fortuna Infortuna Forti Una (Fortune or Misfortune is all the same to the man of Stout Heart).
The shield is red for Engineers. The rock, taken from the arms of St. Mihiel, and the oak leaves, symbolic of the Meuse-Argonne, commemorate the service of the organization in France during World War I. The demi eagle is representative of the battalion's service during World War II while the gold collar or ring, suggesting the Nibelungen Ring of legend, specifically alludes to service in the Rhineland. The fleur-de-lis emphasizes the unit's service in France during both World Wars. The escallop symbolizes the decorations awarded the battalion for action in Normandy.
The insignia is the shield and motto of the coat of arms.
May 04 2000 12:32:06:000AM