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Histories for 5th Battalion, 20th Infantry Regiment

20th Infantry Regiment, Sykes Regulars
Constituted 3 May 1861 as the 2nd Battalion, 11th Infantry. In the Civil War, the battalion served in the Army of the Potomac participating in twelve campaigns with the 2nd Division, V Corps known as "Sykes' Regulars". In 1866 it was reorganized and re-designated as the 20th Infantry Regiment. In the Indian Wars, the 20th campaigned in Montana and the Dakotas. In the War with Spain the 20th Infantry participated in the capture of the Spanish fortress of El Caney and the siege of the city of Santiago, Cuba. During the Philippine Insurrection the 20th served in two campaigns. The 20th Infantry was assigned to the 6th Division in 1939. The regiment's initial action in WW II occurred at Maffin Bay, New Guinea in June 1944 with the 3rd Battalion receiving a Presidential Unit Citation. On 9 January 1945 the 20th made an amphibious assault at Lingayen Gulf on Luzon. The 20th overcame stiff Japanese resistance in the Cabaruan Hills and at the town of Munoz with the 2nd and 3rd Battalions receiving Presidential Unit Citations. After V-J Day the 6th Division was sent to Korea for occupation duty. Inactivated in 1949, the 6th was reactivated in 1950 at Fort Ord as a training division. In 1956 the 20th was reassigned to the Canal Zone where Company E was inactivated in 1957. From 1960-66 Company E served as a separate company in Korea. On 25 September 1967 Company E (LRP) was activated in Vietnam serving with the I Field Force and the 4th Infantry Division. Inactivated on 1 February 1969, it was reactivated on 30 June 1971 in Vietnam as a rifle security company at Long Binh then inactivated on 16 August 1972. Company E was re-designated as Headquarters Company, 5th Battalion, 20th Infantry on 16 August 1986 and assigned to the 2nd Infantry Division in Korea. On 16 August 1995 the 5th Battalion was reassigned to the 1st Brigade, 25th Infantry Division at Fort Lewis. Effective 16 September 2000, the 5th Battalion, 20th Infantry was reassigned to the 3rd Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division stationed at Fort Lewis, Washington. Campaign Participation Credit Civil War: Peninsula; Manassas; Antietam; Fredericksburg; Chancellorsville; Gettysburg; Wilderness; Spotsylvania; Cold Harbor; Petersburg; Virginia 1862; Virginia 1863 Indian Wars: Little Big Horn; Pine Ridge War with Spain: *Santiago; Philippine Insurrection; *Manila; *Luzon 1901 World War II: *New Guinea; *Luzon (with arrowhead) Vietnam: *Counteroffensive, Phase III; *Tet Counteroffensive; *Counteroffensive, Phase IV; *Counteroffensive, Phase V; *Counteroffensive, Phase VI; *Counteroffensive, Phase VII; *Consolidation I; *Consolidation II; *Cease-Fire Decorations Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for MAFFIN BAY *Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for CABARUAN HILLS Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for MUNOZ *Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army) for VIETNAM 1972 *Philippine Presidential Unit Citation for 17 OCTOBER 1944 TO 4 JULY 1945 *Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm for VIETNAM 1967-1968 *Republic of Vietnam Civil Action Honor Medal, First Class for VIETNAM 1967-1968

Posted by Orville Conn Jr.
May 10 2002 05:42:50:000PM

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