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Histories for 4th Armored Division




4th Armored Division (United States)
4th Armored Division (United States) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, search 4th Armored Division 4th Armored Division shoulder sleeve insignia Active 1941?1972 Country United States of America Branch Regular Army Size Division Motto Name Enough (official) Roosevelt's Butchers (Unofficial) Colors Red, Blue and Yellow Engagements World War II Operation Cobra Battle of the Bulge Commanders Notable commanders MG John S. Wood MG Hugh J. Gaffey MG Thomas Trapnell U.S. Armored Divisions Previous Next 3rd Armored Division 5th Armored Division (Inactive) The 4th Armored Division of the United States Army was an armored division that compiled a distinguished career in the European theater of World War II. Unlike many other World War II U.S. armored divisions, the 4th never adopted an official divisional nickname or slogan. Legend says their unofficial nickname came to be when the original commander, traditionally permitted to nickname a unit, replied that "Fourth Armored Division" was "Name Enough". History The division was activated on 15 April 1941 by cadre of the 1st Armored Division and arrived in the United Kingdom in early 1944. After training in England from January to July 1944, the 4th Armored Division landed at Utah Beach 11 July and entered combat 17 July. As part of the VIII Corps exploitation force for Operation Cobra, the 4th secured the Coutances area on 28 July. The division then swung south to take Nantes, cutting off the Brittany Peninsula, 12 August 1944. Turning east, it drove swiftly across France north of the Loire, smashed across the Moselle 11?13 September, flanked Nancy and captured Lun?lle, 16 September. It fought several German panzergrenadier brigades in the Lorraine area including the SS Panzergrenadier Brigade 49 and SS Panzergrenadier Brigade 51 at this time, defeating a larger German force through superior tactics and training.[1] After maintaining a defensive line, Chambrey to Xanrey to H?m?l, from 27 September to 11 October, the division rested briefly before returning to combat 9 November with an attack in the vicinity of Viviers. The 4th cleared Bois de Serres, 12 November, advanced through Dieuze and crossed the Saar River, 21?22 November, to establish and expand bridgehead and took Singling and Bining before being relieved 8 December. Two days after the Germans launched their Ardennes offensive, the 4th Armored entered the fight (18 December 1944), racing northwest into Belgium, covering 150 miles in 19 hours.[2] The division attacked the Germans at Bastogne, helping to relieve the besieged 101st Airborne Division. Six weeks later the division jumped off from Luxembourg City in an eastward plunge that carried it across the Moselle River at Trier, south and east to Worms, and across the Rhine, 24?25 March 1945. Advancing all night, the 4th crossed the Main River the next day, south of Hanau, and continued to push on. Lauterbach fell 29 March, Creuzburg across the Werra on 1 April, Gotha on the 4th, and by 12 April the division was across the Saale River. Pursuit of the enemy continued and by 6 May the division had crossed into Czechoslovakia, established a bridgehead across the Otava River at Strakonice, with forward elements at Pisek. It was reassigned to the XII Corps on 30 April 1945.[3] The division was commanded by Major General John S. "P" Wood, Major General Hugh Gaffey, and Major General Archibald R. Kennedy. One of its most famous members was Creighton Abrams, who commanded the 37th Tank Battalion, then Combat Command B (CCB). Abrams later rose to command all U.S. forces in Vietnam and served as U.S. Army Chief of Staff in the 1970s. The current U.S. M-1 tank is named after him.[4] [edit] Postwar Service After a tour of occupation duty, the 4th AD returned to the United States for inactivation. Most of its elements, however, remained as occupation forces after redesignation as the United States Constabulary. The division was reactivated at various times, before it was finally deactivated in 1971 by reflagging the unit as the 1st Armored Division. [edit] World War II Assignments 1.First United States Army: 18 December 1943 2.VIII Corps: 22 January 1944 3.XX Corps: 9 March 1944 4.XV Corps: 20 April 1944 5.VIII Corps: 15 July 1944 6.XII Corps: 13 August 1944 7.III Corps: 19 December 1944 8.VIII Corps: 2 January 1945 9.XII Corps: 12 January 1945 10.VIII Corps: 4 April 1945 11.X Corps: 9 April 1945 12.VIII Corps: 17 April 1945

Posted by Rodney Brewer
Dec 26 2010 06:48:24:000PM




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