1st Squadron, 10th Cavalry Regiment History
1st Squadron, 10th Cavalry Regiment History
2nd Brigade, 4ID
History of 1st Squadron, 10th United States Cavalry Regiment, 4th Infantry Division
? Ready and Forward ?
The 10th U.S. Cavalry was activated at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas on July 28, 1866, under the command of Colonel Benjamin H. Grierson as a regiment of Negro Volunteers, composed of freed slaves from the southern states and some veterans of the Civil War. In July 1867, the 10th Cavalry reached full strength and moved to Fort Riley, Kansas, to take up its first duty assignment patrolling the Kansas and Pacific Railroad.
Before the year ended, the regiment joined General Phil Sheridan to ride against Black Kettle?s Band of Cheyenne; the most respected tribe of the Plains Indians. As the Indian threat in Kansas diminished, the 10th moved south to the Oklahoma Territory, building the post that is now known as Fort Sill. During their stay in Oklahoma, the troopers of the regiment fought the Comanche and earned from them the name of ?Buffalo Soldiers?. The term still lives today as the main symbol of the regiment.
In 1874, the Comanche were beaten and the 10th Cavalry rode west to Texas to fight the Apaches. In July 1880, Chief Victorio and his band broke from their New Mexico reservation and began a reign of murder and pillage through Texas. The 10th Cavalry chased Victorio into Mexico and defeated him.
As order was being restored in Texas, Geronimo rose as a threat in Arizona and the 10th was called upon to counter him in 1885. For two years the unit fought Geronimo and his renegade band. The Apaches were finally subdued and the Regiment was returned to garrison duty, patrolling the Apache Reservation.
In 1898, the Spanish-American War began and the 10th Cavalry was among the vanguard of American troops that were sent ashore in Cuba. They fought at Las Guasimas, Santiago, and charged San Juan Hill alongside the ?Rough Riders? of Teddy Roosevelt.
In 1913, the regiment returned to the southwest for duty at Fort Huachuca, Arizona, patrolling the Mexican Border. In 1916, The 10th Cavalry joined the expedition sent into Mexico to subdue Pancho Villa, the infamous Mexican bandit. The declaration of war against Germany in 1917 caused many members of the Regiment to tune their ears for an assignment overseas, but the 10th was destined to remain on the border and fight in the last recorded Indian battle in the United States - a firefight with a small band of Yaqui Indians just west of Nogales, Arizona.
On September 1, 1963, the 1st Squadron, 10th Cavalry was assigned to Fort Lewis, Washington as the eyes and ears of the 4th Infantry Division. In the summer and fall of 1966, the squadron deployed to the Republic of South Vietnam where it was awarded its first unit citation for action at LZ Oasis in May 1969. The Valorous Unit Award was presented to the Squadron for the heroic defense of the landing zone against the determined attack of a battalion sized enemy force. During its deployment to Vietnam with the 4th Infantry Division, the Squadron earned 12 campaign streamers.
The 4th Infantry Division (Mechanized) was transferred to Fort Hood, Texas on December 15, 1995. In 1999 the Squadron participated in Operation Intrinsic Action. While deployed to Kuwait the Squadron earned laudatory comments from the Chief of Staff of the Army and set a new higher standard for operations in Kuwait.
In March 2003, the 1st Squadron, 10th U.S. Cavalry returned to the Middle East in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom for it?s first combat deployment since the Vietnam War. In less than two weeks, the Squadron began combat operations in Iraq participating in the capture of Baghdad, Taji, Tikrit, and the K2 airfield. The Squadron then conducted a forced march to the Iran-Iraq border in order to secure the border and stop infiltration of guerillas from Iran, covering a BCT size area of 336 square kilometers.
The squadron turned back over twenty-seven thousand Iranians and other non-Iraqis while posted on the desolate, inhospitable Iran-Iraq border. While on the border TF Saber grew to over 2100 soldiers including 14th ENG BN, 1-17 FA BN and other attachments. In November 2003, the Commanding General of 4ID chose the Squadron to conduct strike force operations for the division and moved the Squadron to Eastern Tikrit to stop guerilla activity.
The Valorous Unit Award was awarded to squadron for operations conducted with 2 BCT while the squadron was posted on the Iran-Iraq border. Charlie Troop remained on the border and continued to provide invaluable reconnaissance to 2 BCT. In less than a month in the Tikrit area, the Squadron stopped all guerilla activity in Eastern Tikrit and participated in Operation Red Dawn, the operation that captured Saddam Hussein. Ordered to conduct further strike force operations, the Squadron deployed to Balad at LSA Anaconda to secure the largest concentration of US troops in Iraq. Once again the Squadron quickly stopped enemy activity in the area and captured the ringleaders, operators, and moneymen that had executed numerous rocket and mortar attacks on US forces. This reduced the threat to US forces throughout the area. In short no other unit in Taskforce Ironhorse moved or fought more in more locations than the 1st Squadron, 10th U.S. Cavalry.
Today, the Troopers of the 1st Squadron, 10th U.S. Cavalry are preparing to deploy from Fort Hood for their second rotation in three years in support of Operation Iraq Freedom. Like their forbearers, this Squadron stands ready to defend the homeland and to extend the frontiers of liberty to all who seek its blessings. With the colors unfurled and sabers drawn, the men and women of the 1st Squadron, 10th US Cavalry are and will always be ?Ready and Forward?
Long live the Buffalo Soldiers.
HISTORY OF THE CAVALRY SPURS
BUFFALO SOLDIERS SONG
Posted by Erick Diaz
Apr 04 2007 01:46:50:000PM