Constituted 15 May 1917 in the Regular Army as the 57th Infantry. Organized 1 June 1917 at Camp Wilson, Texas, from personnel of the 19th Infantry. assigned to the 15th Division 31 July 1918; relieved from the 15th Division 18 May 1919. Transferred without personnel, to the Philippine Department and consolidated with the 2d Philippine Infantry (Provisional) (organized 5 April 1918 from the 4th, 10th, and 15th Battalions and the 72d, 73d, 74th and 75th Companies, Philippine Scouts) and redesignated 57th Infantry (Philippine Scouts) 2 December 1920.
Assigned to the Philippine Division 22 October 1921. Surrendered with the Luzon Force to the Japanese 14th Army in the Philippine Islands 9 April 1942. Reorganized 6 April 1946 in the Philippine Islands and 1st Battalion expanded and redesignated 78th Infantry (Philippine Scouts); concurrently new 1st Battalion constituted and organized. Inactivted 1 June 1949 in the Philippine Islands. Disbanded 10 October 1951.
CAMPAIGN PARTICIPATION CREDITS:
Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered BATAAN (57th Infantry cited per WD GO 32, 1942);
Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered LUZON 1941-1942 (57th Infantry cited per WD GO 14, 1942);
Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered DEFENSE OF THE PHILIPPINES (57th Infantry cited per WD GO 22, 1942 as amended byh DA GO 46, 1948);
Philippine Presidential Unit Citation, Streamer embroidered 7 DECEMBER 1941 TO 10 MAY 1942 (57th Infantry cited per DA GO 47, 1950).
NOTE: Personnel with the unit in WW-II further authorized the Philippine Defense, Liberation and Independece Medals and if wounded in action, the PI Wound Medal.
COAT OF ARMS:
SHIELD: Parti per fess argent and azure in chief a sea lion holding in his dexter paw a musket with bayonet gules, in base a mullet within a wreath both of the first, on a canton of the second a rock of the first charged with a shoulder strap of a second lieutenant of Infantry of 1863, all proper(Approved 5 June 1922).
MOTTO: ANYWHERE, ANYTIME.
The 57th Infantry was organized in 1917, at Fort Sam Houston by transfer of men from the 19th. The shield is of the Infantry colors with the station of the regiment indicated by the sea lion of the Philippines holding a musket in the upper portion of the shield and the device of Texas, the star and wreath in the lower part denoting the place of birth. The parentage of the regiment is shown in the canton which displays the crest of the 19th United States Infantry. The 19th was a portion of General George H. Thomas' command at Chicamaugua in 1863. At the end of the second day (September 20) the entire Federal line had given way excepting Thomas. The 19th held but it had been so roughly used, four officers and 51 men fit for duty, that at sundown the remains of the entire regiment was in command of a Second Lieutenant. This is shown by the rock and the shoulder strap.
1SG Charles W. Aresta; The Hawaiian Military Insignia Collectors and Study Group; 1813 Sereno Street; Honolulu, Hawaii 96817-2318 (e-mail: email@example.com) Ph or fax: 808-537-2753