The 1st Armored Division (Old Ironsides) was organized at Fort Knox, Kentucky, on July 15, 1940, with Maj. Gen. Bruce McGruder in command. The division deployed overseas, going into combat for the first time on Nov. 8, 1942 in the landing at Oran, Algeria. The 1st Armored Division engaged Field Marshal Erwin Rommel?s Afrika Korps. Following the North Africa campaign, the division fought at Naples and Anzio in the Battle of Rome, and in the Po Valley.^^br^^^^br^^
Following World War II, the 1st Armored Division assumed occupation duties in Germany prior to deactivation in 1946. In 1951, the division was reactivated at Fort Hood, Texas where it remained until May 1971, when Old Ironsides returned to Germany. The division deployed to Kuwait on November 8, 1990 as part of operation Desert Shield. With the start of Operation Desert Storm beginning at 2:34 pm on Feb. 24, 1991, Old Ironsides launched its attack on Iraq. In 89 hours of combat, the Iron Soldiers destroyed 440 enemy tanks, 485 armored personnel carriers, 190 pieces of artillery, and 137 air defense artillery pieces. Additionally, the unit captured 6,686 prisoners of war. Returning to Germany following Desert Storm, the Division has since deployed elements to the former Yugoslavia in support of Task Force Falcon.