Military Bases That U.S.
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Here is a list of military bases in the Middle
East, Turkey and Pakistan that are used by U.S. forces or could be used
for attacks on Afghanistan and other targets in the U.S. war on terrorism:
BAHRAIN: U.S. Navy base at Juffair, about 5 miles southeast of the
capital Manama, provides onshore offices for the Navy's 5th Fleet, which
has aircraft carriers, destroyers and other ships stationed in the Persian
Gulf and Arabian Sea. The U.S. Air Force uses an isolated royal air base
in the desert about 20 miles south of Manama for some warplanes. U.S. Navy
cargo planes use an airstrip about 5 miles northeast of Manama to bring
mail and supplies to ships at sea.
KUWAIT - Camp Doha, an isolated
U.S. Army base along the Persian Gulf coast about 10 miles west of Kuwait
City, contains tanks, Bradley fighting vehicles and artillery. Soldiers
are based there and troops come through regularly for training. The U.S.
Air Force uses two Kuwaiti bases - Ali Salem air base about 45 miles
northwest of Kuwait City, and Ahmed Al Jaber air base, about 45 miles west
of the capital. The U.S. military won't discuss what sort of aircraft are
now in the area, but since the 1991 Gulf war, F-16 and F-10 warplanes,
Stealth fighter bombers and Apache, Blackhawk and Kiowa helicopters have
used the air bases.
OMAN: Oman gives the U.S. Air Force access to
its al-Seeb air base for maintenance of transport and refueling planes.
The Gulf of Oman is also host to a number of warships and aircraft
carriers taking part in enforcing the ``no-fly'' zones over Iraq. The
government has not disclosed how many U.S. personnel are in Oman.
PAKISTAN: The government is believed to have offered five
airfields for U.S. use, all along Pakistan's 1,500-mile border with
Afghanistan. The largest is at Quetta in Baluchistan Province. The others
are a small airfield about 10 miles from Omara on the Arabian Sea that can
accommodate 737 Boeing jets; the isolated Kharan airfield near Chigai,
where Pakistan exploded its underground nuclear device in 1998; an
airstrip at Bareder, about 30 miles from Peshawar in the northwest, which
was used by Gary Powers, the U.S. pilot whose spy plane was shot down over
the former Soviet Union in 1960; and a small airstrip in Chitral also in
QATAR: The government has been tightlipped
about the U.S. military presence, saying there are 1,000 troops but
refusing to disclose the number of warplanes. A U.S. military base being
built in Qatar is expected to be the largest American base and arms depot
outside the United States. Its location and the time of its completion
have not been disclosed.
SAUDI ARABIA: Following the 1996 bombing
of a U.S. military housing complex in eastern Saudi Arabia that killed 19
servicemen, the United States moved its Air Force contingent to Prince
Sultan Air Base, a vast compound in a remote stretch of desert south of
Riyadh, the capital. About 4,500 U.S. soldiers and an undisclosed number
of warplanes are based in al-Kharj, flying missions over southern Iraq to
enforce a ``no fly'' zone. The Saudi government has expressed reservations
about its use in the anti-terror campaign - fearing attacks on fellow Arab
states could be launched from there - and what role the base might play is
still being negotiated.
TURKEY: U.S. action in Turkey would likely
be centered at Incirlik air base, a sprawling field that is a short flight
from Iraq and Syria. It was used by allied aircraft in the 1991 Gulf War,
and some 50 U.S. F-15 and F-16 fighters are there, patrolling a no-fly
zone over Iraq. The base is near Adana in southern Turkey. More than 1,500
miles from Afghanistan, it could best serve as a supply or transport base
for fighting in that region. Incirlik was built by U.S. Army engineers as
a Cold War outpost, and the U.S. planes there are housed in hardened
concrete shelters built to withstand bomb attacks. Turkey also has
military air bases farther east near the cities of Diyarbakir and Malatya.
Airports in Istanbul and Ankara also could be used as transport
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES: There are no permanent U.S.
bases in this Gulf state, but warships and aircraft carriers often dock
here for refueling.
YEMEN: The Yemeni government has offered the
United States the use of Aden port for refueling warships. Aden was used
by U.S. military craft in the past, but not since Oct. 12, 2000, when a
small boat was used to bomb the USS Cole as it docked for refueling. The
Cole was heavily damaged and 17 U.S. sailors were killed.
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